Allobates brunneus (Cope, 1887)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Aromobatidae > Subfamily: Allobatinae > Genus: Allobates > Species: Allobates brunneus

Prostherapis brunneus Cope, 1887, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 24: 54. Syntypes: ANSP 11241-61, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 349. Type locality: "at or near . . . . Chupada [= Chapada dos Guimarães], thirty miles north-east of Cuyabá, and near the headwaters of the Xingu, an important tributary of the Amazon", Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Phyllobates brunneusBarbour and Noble, 1920, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 63: 401; Dunn, 1957, Copeia, 1957: 77; Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 166.

Colostethus brunneusEdwards, 1971, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 84: 148.

Allobates brunneusGrant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299: 162.

English Names

Chupada Rocket Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 48).


In the drainage of the Amazon of Brazil from its mouth to southern Amazonas and Mato Grosso, Brazil, Guaviare and Amazonas, Colombia, and into extreme northern Bolivia; presumably in extreme northeastern Amazonian Peru given the proximity of the Amazonas, Colombia, localities. See comment. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia

Likely/Controversially Present: Peru


See comments under Anomaloglossus beebei and Allobates marchesianus. See account (as Phyllobates brunneus) by Rivero, 1961, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 126: 166. Prior to the revision of Grant, Frost, Caldwell, Gagliardo, Haddad, Kok, Means, Noonan, Schargel, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 299, this species was placed in the Colostethus brunneus group (Group II) of Rivero, 1990 "1988", Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle, 48: 3-32. Coloma, 1995, Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 87: 43, questioned Ecuadorian records. See account by La Marca, 1997 "1996", Publ. Asoc. Amigos Doñana, 9: 13, of an undescribed species (as Colostethus brunneus) from Venezuela. Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 116-117, commented on the taxonomic confusion. Acosta-Galvis and Señaris, 2018, Vol. 6, Fauna Silvestre Escudo Guayanés: 86, noted the species in Guaviare Province, Colombia. See Gonzales-Álvarez, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000 "1999", Herpetozoa, Wien, 12: 179-186, for the Bolivian record. See comment regarding confusion with Colostethus taeniatus (now Hyloxalus pulchellus) by Rivero and Almendáriz C., 1992 "1991", Rev. Politécnica, Quito, 16: 118. Grant and Rodríguez, 2001, Am. Mus. Novit., 3355: 1–24, reported the species from extreme southeastern Amazonas, Colombia. Morales, 2002 "2000", Publ. Asoc. Amigos Doñana, 13: 1-59, considered this species to be in his Colostethus trilineatus group, provided an account for this species, and noted that earlier records from Ecuador, Surinam, Venezuela, French Guiana, and Peru apply to other species. See La Marca, Manzanilla, and Mijares-Urrutia, 2004, Herpetotropicos, Mérida, 1: 40-50, for discussion of populations confused with this species in Venezuela. Barrio-Amorós, 2004, Rev. Ecol. Lat. Am., 9: 7, reported on distribution and relevant literature. Lima, Caldwell, and Strüssmann, 2009, Zootaxa, 1988: 1-16, redescribed the species and provided information on larval morphology and advertisement call. Barrio-Amorós and Santos, 2009, Phyllomedusa, 8: 97, suggested that records of Allobates brunneus from Mount Duida, Venezuela, apply to an undescribed species. Santos-Pereira, Pombal, and Rocha, 2018, Biota Neotrop., 18 (3: e20170322): 1–19, doubted records from Paraná, Brazil. 

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