Atympanophrys gigantica (Liu, Hu, and Yang, 1960)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Megophryinae > Genus: Atympanophrys > Species: Atympanophrys gigantica

Megophrys giganticus Liu, Hu, and Yang, 1960, Acta Zool. Sinica, 12: 172. Holotype: CIB 581539, by original designation. Type locality: "Hsin-ming-hsian of Chingtung, Yunnan, 2,120 m. altitude", China.

Megophrys (Megophrys) giganticaDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 472.

Atympanophrys giganticaRao and Yang, 1997, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 7: 98; Chen, Zhou, Poyarkov, Stuart, Brown, Lathrop, Wang, Yuan, Jiang, Hou, Chen, Suwannapoom, Nguyen, Duong, Papenfuss, Murphy, Zhang, and Che, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 106: 41; Lyu, Zeng, Wang, Liu, Huang, Li, and Wang, 2021, Zootaxa, 4927: 39. 

Xenophrys giganticaDelorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 18.

Megophrys (Atympanophrys) gigantica — Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 754. 

Atympanophrys (Gigantophrys) gigantica — Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 639.  

English Names

Giant Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 86).

Great Piebald Horned Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 104).

Giant Horned Toad (Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 33). 


Jingdong and Yongde counties in southwest-central Yunnan, China, 1400–2400 m elevation, extending into Lao Cai, Lai Chau, and Son La provinces, northern Vietnam; also reported from Guangdong, China (see comment).


See Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 71-72. See accounts by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 166, and by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 51; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 104-105. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 29, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. See illustration, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 444. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 349-353, provided an account, illustration of the holotype, and spot map for China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 188, provided a brief account including photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 217, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 639–640, provided an account, photograph, and dot map. Li, 2011, Amph. Rept. Guangdong: 25, provided a brief account for Guangdong, China, and photograph. Luong, Pham, Nguyen, and Nguyen, 2019, Russ. J. Herpetol., 26: 201–204, provided records from Lao Cai and Son La provinces, northern Vietnam. Tapley, Nguyen, Cutajar, Nguyen, Portway, Luong, and Rowley, 2020, Zootaxa, 4845: 35–52, provided a detailed description of larval morphology. Luong, Pham, Do, Hoang, Phan, Nguyen, Ziegler, and Le, 2021, Check List, 17: 445–448, provided Lau Chau province, Vietnam, records. Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 33–34, suggested that the taxonomic distinction between this species and Atympanophrys shapingensis requires verification. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.