Proceratophrys moratoi (Jim and Caramaschi, 1980)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Odontophrynidae > Genus: Proceratophrys > Species: Proceratophrys moratoi

Odontophrynus moratoi Jim and Caramaschi, 1980, Rev. Brasil. Biol., 40: 357. Holotype: MZUSP 50180, by original designation. Type locality: "Rubião Júnior, Botucatu, São Paulo, (aprox. 22° 53′ S e 48° 30′ W)", Brazil.

Proceratophrys moratoiAmaro, Pavan, and Rodrigues, 2009, Zootaxa, 2071: 61-68.

English Names

Botucatu Escuerzo (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 82).


Cerrado habitats in the states of central São Paulo, western Minas Gerais, and southwestern Goiás, Brazil, generally below 900 m elevation; isolated record from Xavantina, in eastern Mato Grosso, Brazil. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


 Rossa-Feres and Jim, 1996, J. Herpetol., 30: 536–539, reported on larval morphology (as Odontophrynus moratoi). Brasileiro, Martins, and Jim, 2008, Check List, 4: 382–385, provided provided new localities, discussed the species' range, and described the advertisement call. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 403. Amaro, Pavan, and Rodrigues, 2009, Zootaxa, 2071: 61–68, employed molecular evidence to demonstrate that this species is a member of Proceratophrys. Carvalho, Kleinsorge, and Fusinatto, 2010, Check List, 6: 36–37, provided a new locality and discussed the range and conservation status. Rolim, Martinez, Almeida, Ubaid, Maffei, and Jim, 2010, Check List, 6: 576–578, provided a new record and discussed the range. Maffei, Ubaid, and Jim, 2011, Herpetol. Notes, 4: 95–96.  Provete, Ouchi-Melo, Garey, Gomes, Martins, and Rossa-Feres, 2013, Herpetologica, 69: 163–174, reported on larval morphology. Forti, Costa, Martins, Nunes-de-Almeida, and Toledo, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e2014): 1–16, reported on advertisement call and its variation across a distance tree of 6 populations. Passos and Paredero, 2019, Herpetol. Notes, 12: 523–525, reported the species from Campo Alegre de Goiás, state of Goiás, Brazil, mapped its range and discussed its conservation status. Neves, Yves, Pereira Silva, Alves, Vasques, Coelho, and Silva, 2019, Herpetozoa, Wien, 32: 113–123, provided habitat information and records for western Minas Gerais, Brazil. Magalhães, Brandão, Garda, and Mângia, 2020, Herpetol. J., 30: 189–196, provided a record from Nova Xavantina, Mato Grosso, Brazil.  

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