Pulchrana picturata (Boulenger, 1920)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Pulchrana > Species: Pulchrana picturata

Rana (Hylorana) picturata Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 179. Syntypes: BMNH (10 specimens); including BMNH 1947.2.3.19–20 (formerly 1894.6.30.101–102) by museum records; 1947.2.3.19 designated lectotype by Brown and Guttman, 2002, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 76: 427, who noted multiple species in the syntypic series. Type locality: "Bidi Caves, Sarawak", "Sarawak", "Kina Balu", and "Barabas, S.-E Borneo". Lectotype from "Mt. Kina Balu, Sabah", Malaysia (Borneo).

Rana picturataInger and Tan, 1996, Raffles Bull. Zool., 44: 564; Brown and Guttman, 2002, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 76: 426.

Pulchrana picturataFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369; Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 33;  Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 191. 

Hylarana picturataChe, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1–13, by implication; Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 538, by implication. 

English Names

Spotted Stream Frog (Das, Jankowski, Makmor, and Haas, 2007, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 104: 159; Das, 2007, Amph. Rept. Brunei: 63; Grismer, 2012, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Seribuat Arch.: 74).


Borneo (Brunei, Kalimantan, Sabah, and Sarawak). 


Removed from the synonymy of Rana signata by Inger and Tan, 1996, Raffles Bull. Zool., 44: 564, where it had been placed by Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 226–227, and Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 233–234. See discussion and account by Brown and Guttman, 2002, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 76: 393–461 (who noted the possibility of this species [now Pulchrana sundabarat] being in Malaya). Malkmus, Manthey, Vogel, Hoffmann, and Kosuch, 2002, Amph. Rept. Mount Kinabalu: 166–168, provided an account. Das, Jankowski, Makmor, and Haas, 2007, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 104: 159, provided a brief description. Das, 2007, Amph. Rept. Brunei: 63, provided a photograph and brief account, as Rana picturata. Conlon, Kolodziejek, Mechkarska, Coquet, Leprince, Jouenne, Vaudry, Nielsen, Nowotny, and King, 2014, Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part D, 9: 49–57, suggested on molecular grounds that this species is closely related to Hylarana signataHaas, Kueh, Joseph, bin Asri, Das, Hagmann, Schwander, and Hertwig, 2018, Evol. Syst., 2: 89–114, provided a brief account of morphology and natural history for the Sabah population. Literature from the Malay Peninsula of Thailand and Malaysia and Sumatra apply to Pulchrana sundabarat, named by Chan, Abraham, Grismer, and Brown, 2020, Raffles Bull. Zool., 68: 880–890, who discussed and justified the partition of nominal Pulchrana picturata. Chan, Hutter, Wood, Grismer, Das, and Brown, 2020, Mol. Ecol., 29: 3970–3987, described situations within this nominal species where gene flow and introgression among populations can make for overestimation of species. Haas, Das, Hertwig, Bublies, and Schulz-Schaeffer, 2022, Guide to the Tadpoles of Borneo: 342–344, summarized the knowledge of habitat, reproduction, larval morphology and coloration. 

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