Ichthyophis longicephalus Pillai, 1986

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Ichthyophiidae > Genus: Ichthyophis > Species: Ichthyophis longicephalus

Ichthyophis longicephalus Pillai, 1986, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 84: 231. Holotype: ZSI-SRS 28, according to Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 23. Type locality: "Silent Valley, Kerala, S. India, alt. 1050 metres".

Epicrium longicephalum — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 407. 

English Names

Long-headed Caecilian (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 25; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 130).

Yellow-spotted Caecilian (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 80).


Southwestern Karnataka, northern Kerala, and extreme west-central Tamil Nadu, southwestern India.


See accounts by Bhatta, 1998, J. Biosciences, Bangalore, 23: 73–85, Pillai and Ravichandran, 1999, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 172: 39-41, and Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 188-190. Ravichandran, 2004, Hamadryad, 28: 98-104, summarized range. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 23, provided a brief account and noted that the other striped Ichthyophis in India are Ichthyophis beddomei, Ichthyophis glutinosus, and Ichthyophis tricolor. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 80-82, provided an account. A brief characterization, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 182. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted no larval descriptions in the literature. Venu, Raju, Wilkinson, Browne, Varadh, Balakrishna, Ramakrishna, and Venkatachalaiah, 2020, J. Anim. Diversity, 2: 5–10, provided new records, comments on habitat, as well as a dot map. 

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