Pristimantis leoni (Lynch, 1976)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Subfamily: Ceuthomantinae > Genus: Pristimantis > Species: Pristimantis leoni

Eleutherodactylus leoni Lynch, 1976, Herpetologica, 32: 313. Holotype: KU 130870, by original designation. Type locality: "on the N slope of the Nudo de Mojanda, Imbabura Province, Ecuador, elevation 3400 m."

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) leoniLynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154; Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 227.

Pristimantis leoniHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10094; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pristimantis (Pristimantis) leoniHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 125.

English Names

Leon's Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 76).


Upper humid forest at elevations of 1960-3400 m on the Pacific slopes of the Andes and from 2590–2700 m on the Amazonian slopes of the Andes in northern Ecuador and southern Colombia.


In the Eleutherodactylus unistrigatus group; most closely related to Eleutherodactylus gladiator and Eleutherodactylus pyrrhomerus according to Lynch, 1976, Herpetologica, 32: 317. In the monophyletic Eleutherodactylus pyrrhomerus assembly, according to Lynch, 1984, Herpetologica, 40: 237, who considered Eleutherodactylus leoni to probably be the sister-species of Eleutherodactylus repens. See account by Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 110–111, who transferred it to the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) myersi series, Eleutherodactylus myersi group. Almendáriz C. and Orcés, 2004, Rev. Politécnica, Quito, 25: 123, provided distributional data for Ecuador. Mueses-Cisneros, 2005, Caldasia, 27: 236, provided records for Putumayo, Colombia. In the Pristimantis myersi species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 125, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 126.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.