Hemiphractinae Peters, 1862

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hemiphractidae > Subfamily: Hemiphractinae
110 species

Hemiphractidae Peters, 1862, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1862: 146. Type genus: Hemiphractus Wagler, 1828.

Hemiphractina — Mivart, 1869, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1869: 294.

Amphignathodontidae Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 449. Type genus: Amphignathodon Boulenger, 1882. Synonymy with Hemiphractidae by Noble, 1931, Biol. Amph.: 508-509; and Guayasamin, Castroviejo-Fisher, Ayarzagüena, Trueb, and Vilà, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 48: 577.

Amphignathodontinae — Gadow, 1901, Amphibia and Reptiles: 139; Laurent, 1986, in Grassé and Delsol (eds.), Traite de Zool., 14: 716.

Hemiphractinae — Gadow, 1901, Amphibia and Reptiles: 139, 210; Laurent, 1986, in Grassé and Delsol (eds.), Traite de Zool., 14: 719.

Hemignathodontinae Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 106. Type genus: Not designated, but including Coelonotus Miranda-Ribeiro, Fritzia Miranda-Ribeiro, Gastrotheca Fitzinger, Opisthodelphis Günther. Unavailable family-group name for reason of not being formulated on a generic name.

Hemiphractidae — Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 18.

Gastrothecinae Noble, 1927, Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 30: 93. Type genus: Gastrotheca Fitzinger, 1843. Synonymy with Hemiphractidae by Noble, 1931, Biol. Amph.: 508-509.

Opisthodelphyinae Lutz, 1968, Pearce-Sellards Ser., 11: 13. Type genus: Opisthodelphys Günther, 1859 "1858". Synonymy with Amphignathodontinae by implication by Duellman, 1970, Monogr. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas: 18.

HemiphractinaeCastroviejo-Fisher, Padial, De la Riva, Pombal, Silva, Rojas-Runjaic, Medina-Méndez, and Frost, 2015, Zootaxa, 4004: 23. 

English Names

None noted. 

Distribution

Costa Rica and Panama, northern (excluding Surinam) and western South American southward to northern Argentina and eastern and southeastern Brazil. 

Comment

The sister taxon of Cryptobatrachinae according to Castroviejo-Fisher, Padial, De la Riva, Pombal, Silva, Rojas-Runjaic, Medina-Méndez, and Frost, 2015, Zootaxa, 4004: 1–75, who provided a phylogenetic analysis of the group. 

Contained taxa (110 sp.):

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