Boana bandeirantes (Caramaschi and Cruz, 2013)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Cophomantinae > Genus: Boana > Species: Boana bandeirantes

Hypsiboas bandeirantes Caramaschi and Cruz, 2013, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 8: 122. Holotype. CFBH 1002, by original designation. Type locality: "Itapecerica da Serra (23° 43’ S, 46° 51’ W; 906 m elevation; datum WGS84), State of S.o Paulo, southeastern Brazil". 

Boana bandeirantes — Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 28. 

English Names

None noted. 

Distribution

North-eastern São Paulo through to southern Rio de Janeiro State and into Estação Lambedor  in the Serra da Pedra Branca, Minas Gerais, Brazil, at elevations above 400 m.  

Comment

In the Hypsiboas polytaenius clade of the Hypsiboas pulchellus group, and previously confused with Hypsiboas polytaenius, according to the original publication. Luna-Dias, Ruggeri, and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2019, Herpetol. Notes, 12: 537–542, reported on larval oral cavity morphology and provided a record for the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Faivovich, Pinheiro, Lyra, Pereyra, Baldo, Muñoz-Saravia, Reichle, Brandão, Giaretta, Thomé, Chaparro, Baêta, Widholzer, Baldo, Lehr, Wheeler, Garcia, and Haddad, 2021, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 155 (106981): 15, had placed this taxon into the synonymy of Boana polytaenia, but seemingly reluctantly. Shortly thereafter Vasconcellos, Colli, and Cannatella, 2021, J. Biogeograph., 48: 311, in a study that paralleled that of Faivovich et al. (2021) recovered Boana bandeirantes as the sister taxon of Boana stenocephala and relatively distant from Boana polytaenia, albeit with a somewhat different set of gene sequences, alignment methods, and tree-building methods. Confronted with this kind of disagreement I (DRF) think the conservative path forward is to recognize Boana bandeirantes separate from Boana polytaenia, pending more work on the ground. 

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