Boana faber (Wied-Neuwied, 1821)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Cophomantinae > Genus: Boana > Species: Boana faber

Hyla faber Wied-Neuwied, 1821, Reise Brasil. Jahr. 1815–1817, 2: 249. Types: Not designated, although presumably including animal figured in pl. 42, fig. 1–2 of Wied-Neuwied, 1824, Abbild. Naturgesch. Brasil., Heft 7. See comments by See Vanzolini and Myers, 2015, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 395: 70. Type locality: "S. Agnés" (= Santa Inês [= Fazenda St. Agnes]), Bahia, Brazil.

Hyla fulva Quoy and Gaimard, 1824, in Freycinet (ed.), Voy. Aut. Monde Uranie et la Physicienne, 3 (Zool.): 182. Holotype: Not stated. Type locality: "Rio de Janeiro, sur la route du jardin botanique", Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Synonymy by  Wied-Neuwied, 1825, Beitr. Naturgesch. Brasil., 1: 603. 

Rana gaimardi Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1828, Dict. Class. Hist. Nat., 14, 14: 452. Holotype: "V. plances de ce Dictionnaire" (not seen by DRF), presumably the frog illustrated by Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1831, Dict. Class. Hist. Nat., 17: plate cxxv. The author also cites as a type the frog figured as Rana palmata by Seba, 1734, Locuplet. Rer. Nat. Thesaur. Descript. Icon. Exp. Univ. Phys. Hist., 1: pl. 72, fig. 3 (type of Rana palmata Laurenti, 1768). Type locality: "environs de Rio-Janeiro". A nomen oblitum under Art. 23.9.1 of the Interational Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) according to Caramaschi and Niemeyer, 2010, Zootaxa, 2655: 63–68, who made the synonymy; see Shea, 2001, J. Herpetol., 35: 339, for similar issue involving same volumes.

Hyla gaimardi Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1828, Dict. Class. Hist. Nat., 14, 14: plate. Alternative original spelling.

Hypsiboas faberWagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 201.

Hyla wachei Nieden, 1911, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1911: 285. Holotype: ZMB 21901, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 56. Type locality: "Dire Daua, Abessinien" (in error, according to Noble, 1926, Am. Mus. Novit., 212: 15, who made the synonymy). Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 95, regarded to type locality to be "certamente do sul do Brasil".

Hypsiboas faberFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 87.

Boana faber — Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 28. 

English Names

Smith Frog (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 116).

Blacksmith Tree Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 57).

Blacksmith Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 55).


Eastern to southern Brazil; southeastern Paraguay; Misiones, Argentina.


See Lutz, 1973, Brazil. Spec. Hyla: 11. See also Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 454–459, and Heyer, Rand, Cruz, Peixoto, and Nelson, 1990, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 31: 261–262. Martins and Haddad, 1988, Amphibia-Reptilia, 9: 49–60, reported on vocalizations and reproductive behavior. Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 40, provided a brief account and photo. In the Hypsiboas faber group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 87. Kolenc, Borteiro, Alcalde, Baldo, Cardozo, and Faivovich, 2008, Zootaxa, 1927: 1–66, reported on larval morphology. Canelas and Bertoluci, 2007, Iheringia, Zool., 97: 21–26, provided a record for the Serra do Caraça, southern end of the Serra do Espinhaço, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 9, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. Cruz, Feio, and Caramaschi, 2009, Anf. Ibitipoca: 94–95, provided photographs and a brief account for Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Freitas, França, and Rodrigues, 2011, Herpetol. Rev., 42: 563, provided a range extension in Bahia, Brazil, and commented on the range. Juncá, 2006, Biota Neotrop., 6: 1–17, briefly summarized the presence of this species in the Serra da Jibóia region, Bahia, Brazil, and its habitat. Neves, Yves, Pereira Silva, Alves, Vasques, Coelho, and Silva, 2019, Herpetozoa, Wien, 32: 113–123, provided habitat information and a record for western Minas Gerais, Brazil. Dubeux, Silva, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2019, Rev. Nordestina Zool., 12: 18–52, summarized the literature on larval morphology. See Dubeux, Nascimento, Lima, Magalhães, Silva, Gonçalves, Almeida, Correia, Garda, Mesquita, Rossa-Feres, and Mott, 2020, Biota Neotrop., 20 (2: e20180718): 1–24, for characterization and identification of larvae north of the Rio São Francisco in the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Eterovick, Souza, and Sazima, 2020, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 1–292, provided an account, life history information, and an identification scheme for the Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais, Brazil.        

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