Boana xerophylla (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Cophomantinae > Genus: Boana > Species: Boana xerophylla

Hyla xerophylla Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 549. Holotype: MNHNP 652, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 24. Type locality: "Cayenne", French Guiana. 

Hyla levaillantii Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 550. Holotype: MNHNP 764, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 24. Type locality: "Surinam". Synonymy (provisional) with Hyla crepitans by Peters, 1873, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1873: 612–613; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 352. Synonymy with Hyla xerophylla by Orrico, Nunes, Mattedi, Fouquet, Lemos, Rivera-Correa, Lyra, Loebmann, Pimenta, Caramaschi, Rodrigues, and Haddad, 2017, Salamandra, 53: 107. 

Hyla doumercii Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 551. Holotype: MNHNP 766, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 24. Type locality: "Surinam". Provisional synonymy with Hyla crepitans by Peters, 1872, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1872: 212. Synonymy by Peters, 1873, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1873: 612–613; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 352, but subsequently recognized by Lutz, 1951, Mem. Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, 47: 320, although not be subsequent authors. Synonymy with Hyla xerophylla by Orrico, Nunes, Mattedi, Fouquet, Lemos, Rivera-Correa, Lyra, Loebmann, Pimenta, Caramaschi, Rodrigues, and Haddad, 2017, Salamandra, 53: 107.

Hypsiboas (Hypsipsophus) xerophyllumFitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 30.

Hypsiboas levaillantiiCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 200.

Hypsiboas doumericiiCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 200.

Hypsiboas xerophyllumCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 200.

Hypsiboas indris Cope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 201. Holotype: KM 1009, according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 49. Type locality: "Surinam". Synonymy with Hyla crepitans by Barbour, 1920, Am. Nat., 54: 287; Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 192. Synonymy with Hyla xerophylla by Orrico, Nunes, Mattedi, Fouquet, Lemos, Rivera-Correa, Lyra, Loebmann, Pimenta, Caramaschi, Rodrigues, and Haddad, 2017, Salamandra, 53: 107.Nomen nudum. 

Hyla indrisBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 353.

Hyla fuentei Goin and Goin, 1968, Copeia, 1968: 581. Holotype: CM 44218, by original designation. Type locality: "Suriname, Suriname District. Powakka". Synonymy by Orrico, Nunes, Mattedi, Fouquet, Lemos, Rivera-Correa, Lyra, Loebmann, Pimenta, Caramaschi, Rodrigues, and Haddad, 2017, Salamandra, 53: 99. 

Hyla fuentei — Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 89.

Hypsiboas xerophylla — Orrico, Nunes, Mattedi, Fouquet, Lemos, Rivera-Correa, Lyra, Loebmann, Pimenta, Caramaschi, Rodrigues, and Haddad, 2017, Salamandra, 53: 99. 

Boana fuentei — Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 28. 

Boana xerophylla — Dubois, 2017, Bionomina, 11: 28. 

 

English Names

Fuente's Powakka Treefrog (Hyla fuentei [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 55).

Emerald-eyed Treefrog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 13).

Distribution

Eastern Venezuela, south of the Orinoco, and the Guianas, including adjacent northern Brazil (Roraima and extreme northeastern Amazonas), below 2400 m elevation.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Hypsiboas crepitans by Orrico, Nunes, Mattedi, Fouquet, Lemos, Rivera-Correa, Lyra, Loebmann, Pimenta, Caramaschi, Rodrigues, and Haddad, 2017, Salamandra, 53: 107, where it had been placed by Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 24. See account (as Hyla fuentei) for Surinam population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 148–150. In the Hyla boans group of Duellman, 2001, Hylid Frogs Middle Am., Ed. 2: 859 (who also noted that the previous record for this species in Honduras was erroneous). This taxon (as Hyla crepitans) considered to be a composite of several species; see Kluge, 1979, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 688: 1–24 (see Boana pugnax and Boana platanera). Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 118–119, provided a brief account (as Hyla crepitans) and photo (although this photo is of an undescribed cryptic rainforest species according to Barrio-Amorós, personal commun.). Lynch and Suárez-Mayorga, 2001, Caldasia, 23: 491–507,  suggested that the nominal species is a composite of cryptic species, mirrored by comments by Barrio-Amorós, 1999 "1998", Acta Biol. Venezuelica, 18: 29. See comment regarding geographic differentiation (as Hyla crepitans and including Hyla platanera) in Venezuela by Gorzula and Señaris, 1999 "1998", Scient. Guaianae, 8: 29–30. In the Hypsiboas faber group of Faivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 87. Martins, Silva, and Giaretta, 2009, Salamandra, 45: 106–109, suggested on the basis of call structure that the two allopatric populations were probably distinct species; these were formally diagnosed (as Hypsiboas xerophylla and Hypsiboas crepitans) and revised by Orrico, Nunes, Mattedi, Fouquet, Lemos, Rivera-Correa, Lyra, Loebmann, Pimenta, Caramaschi, Rodrigues, and Haddad, 2017, Salamandra, 53: 99–113. See account for Surinam population (as Hypsiboas fuentei and Hypsiboas crepitans) by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 140–143. See Cole, Townsend, Reynolds, MacCulloch, and Lathrop, 2013, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 125: 404, for brief account (as Hypsiboas crepitans) and records for Guyana. Vanzolini and Myers, 2015, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 395: 72, doubted that the populations in Panama and Colombia (now Boana platanera) are conspecific with the Brazilian species (now Boana crepitans). Guarnizo, Paz, Muñoz-Ortiz, Flechas, Méndez-Narváez, and Crawford, 2016, PLoS One, 10(5: e0127312): 1–20, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that two species may exist in Colombia (as Hypsiboas crepitans and including what is now Boana platanera). Escalona Sulbarán, Juncá, Giaretta, Crawford, and La Marca, 2019, Zootaxa, 4609: 519–547, found differences in calls, DNA, and morphology separating populations in western Venezuela from the Guianas suggesting that they are different lineages (now Boana platanera and Boana xerophylla). See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 68, for comments on range, systematics (noting that this name covers at least four species (now including Boana platanera, Boana xerophylla, and Boana sp.) in Venezuela alone), and literature. Mijares-Urrutia, 1998, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 46: 119–143, characterized the larval morphology (as Hyla crepitans) as part of a key to the tadpoles of the high elevation frogs in Venezuela.   

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.