Trachycephalus mesophaeus (Hensel, 1867)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Lophyohylinae > Genus: Trachycephalus > Species: Trachycephalus mesophaeus

Hyla mesophaea Hensel, 1867, Arch. Naturgesch., 33: 154. Holotype: Not designated; ZMB 6810 according to Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 154. Type locality: "Provinz S. Pedro de Rio Grande do Sul", Brazil; given as "Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil" by Duellman, 1977, Das Tierreich, 95: 154.

Phrynohyas mesophaeaBokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 55.

Trachycephalus mesophaeusFaivovich, Haddad, Garcia, Frost, Campbell, and Wheeler, 2005, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 294: 111.

English Names

Porto Alegre Golden-eyed Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 61).

Distribution

Atlantic forests of eastern Brazil, from Alagoas to Rio Grande do Sul, inland to include eastern and central Minas Gerais, up to 800 m elevation.

Comment

Izecksohn and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2001, Anf. Municipio Rio de Janeiro: 54, provided a brief account and photo. Brandão, Freitas, and Sebben, 1996, Herpetol. Rev., 27: 86, provided a Bahia record and discussed the range of the species. Garcia Marsà, Agnolin, and D'Angelo, 2020, Check List, 16: 219–222, reported the species from Argentina and discussed its range; this extension based on a specimen of Kaloula pulchra (Microhylidae), according to Faivovich and Elias-Costa, 2020, Rev. Mus. Argent. Cienc. Nat. Bernardino Rivadavia, Cienc. Zool., 22: 1–6. Dubeux, Silva, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2019, Rev. Nordestina Zool., 12: 18–52, summarized the literature on larval morphology. See Dubeux, Nascimento, Lima, Magalhães, Silva, Gonçalves, Almeida, Correia, Garda, Mesquita, Rossa-Feres, and Mott, 2020, Biota Neotrop., 20 (2: e20180718): 1–24, for characterization and identification of larvae north of the Rio São Francisco in the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil.   

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