Scinaxinae Duellman, Marion, and Hedges, 2016

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Hylidae > Subfamily: Scinaxinae
144 species

Scinaxinae Duellman, Marion, and Hedges, 2016, Zootaxa, 4104: 25. Type genus: Scinax Wagler, 1830. 

Sphaenorhynchini Faivovich, Pereyra, Luna, Hertz, Blotto, Vásquez-Almazán, McCranie, Sánchez, Baêta, Araujo-Vieira, Köhler, Kubicki, Campbell, Frost, Wheeler, and Haddad, 2018, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 13: 25. Type genus: Sphaenorhynchus Tschudi, 1838. Tribe to contain solely Sphaenorhynchus Tschudi, 1838. 

ScinaxiniDubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 194. Tribe. 

Scinaxina — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 194. Subtribe. 

Sphaenorhynchina — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 194. Subtribe. 

Nomina inquirenda - Name(s) unassigned to a living or extinct population

Hyla nigra Cope, 1887, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 24: 47. Holotype: ANSP 11269, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 352. Type locality: "at or near . . . . Chupada [= Chapada dos Guimarães], thirty miles north-east of Cuyabá, and near the headwaters of the Xingu, an important tributary of the Amazon", Mato Grosso, Brazil. Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 57, considered it a synonym of Hyla geographica. Synonymy with Hyla x-signata nasica by Duellman, 1974, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 27: 14. Removed from the synonymy of Scinax nasicus by Araujo-Vieira, Valdujo, and Faivovich, 2016, Zootaxa, 4061: 271, and considered a nomen dubium.

English Names

None noted. 


Mostly South America from Uruguay, northern Argentina, and northwestern Peru northward through Central America to southern and eastern Mexico; Islands of Tobago, Trinidad, and Saint Lucia.


See comments under Hylidae and Hylinae for access to relevant literature. Pereira Silva, Ceron, Silva, and Santana, 2022, Ecol. Evol., 12(e8754): 1–15, reported on phylogenetics and biogeography of the tribe Sphaenorhynchini. 

Contained taxa (144 sp.):

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