Megophrys carinense (Boulenger, 1889)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Megophryidae > Subfamily: Megophryinae > Genus: Megophrys > Species: Megophrys carinense

Leptobrachium carinense Boulenger, 1889, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 2, 7: 748. Syntypes: BMNH and NHMW 2291.1-2 (according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 23), and MSNG; MSNG 29689 designated lectotype by Capocaccia, 1957, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 3, 69: 211. See brief discussion by Hallermann, 2006, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 103: 138. Type locality: "Western slope of Karens Mountains, East of Toungoo, at an altitude of 800 metres and upwards", Myanmar.

Megalophrys carinensisBoulenger, 1903, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 12: 186 [based on specimens of Megophrys feae according to Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 218, and Boulenger, 1908, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1908: 427.

Megophrys carinensisPope and Boring, 1940, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 15: 30; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 218; Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 51.

Megophrys (Megophrys) carinensisDubois, 1980, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 49: 472.

Brachytarsophrys carinensisTian and Hu, 1983, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 2 (2): 43; Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 116; Rao and Yang, 1997, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 7: 98; .

Megophrys (Brachytarsophrys) carinensisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 23; Mahony, Foley, Biju, and Teeling, 2017, Mol. Biol. Evol., 34: 754. 

Brachytarsophrys carinenseDelorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2006, Alytes, 24: 17. Treatment of the species name, correctly, as a noun in apposition.

English Names

Karin Hills Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 85).

Broad-headed Short-legged Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 102).

Red Spine-eyed Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 82).

Red Horn Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 82).

Burmese Horned Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 80).

Distribution

Southern Myanmar and adjacent northern Thailand. 

Comment

See accounts by Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 196-197; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 216-217; Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 292-295. Chinese records apply to Megophrys platyparietus, according to to Li, Zhang, Lyu, Wang, Li, Liu, Chen, Rao, Jin, Zhang, and Wang, 2020, Zool. Res., Kunming: 105–122  Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 82, provided a brief characterization and photograph. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 80-81, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph.

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