Amolops xinduqiao Fei, Ye, Wang, and Jiang, 2017

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Amolops > Species: Amolops xinduqiao

Amolops xinduqiao Fei, Ye, Wang, and Jiang, 2017, Zool. Res., Kunming, 38: 139. Holotype: CIB 80I0692, by original designation. Type locality: "Xinduqiao (新都桥, N30.14182°, E101.50044°, altitude 3 400 m), Kangding, Sichuan, PR China". 

English Names

None noted. 


Above 3000 m elevation on the western part of Mount Zheduo in the Yalong River Basin, of Sichuan, China. 


The naming of Amolops xinduqiao resolves a confusion of names within the Amolops of Sichuan, China. Amolops kangtinensis was originally named as Staurois kangtingensis by Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 349, from "Kangting [=Kangding County], Sikang [now Sichuan], 8000 feet altitude", China, but subsequently placed into the synonymy of Amolops mantzorum by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: xxx, due to the morphological similarity of the types of the species. However, as background knowledge here, two different species of Amolops were confounded, one found above 3000 m in the Yalong River Basin of Sichuan, and another found at 1200 to 2400 m elevation in the Dadu River basin. Fei, Ye, Wang, and Jiang, 2017, Zool. Res., Kunming, 38: 138–145. reexamined the types of Staurois kangtingensis and, more importantly, noted that the original type locality had to be corrected to "Yalagou of Kangding (in the Dadu River Basin:, meaning that the name Amolops kangtinensis applied not to the high-elevation population has had been thought by Wu, Tan, and Zhao, 1987, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 6 (4): 39-41, Wu, Tan, and Zhao, 1987, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 6 (4): 39-41; Lu, Bi, and Fu, 2014, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 73: 40–52 (who found nominal Amolops mantzorum to be a complex of species and explicitly retained Amolops kangtingensis, but seemingly from a population not conspecific with the holotype bearing that name); and Zhang, Yuan, Xia, and Zeng, 2015, Sichuan J. Zool., 34: 801–809.  Fei, Ye, Wang, and Jiang, 2017, Zool. Res., Kunming, 38: 138–145, discussed the problem and noted that the precise type locality of Amolops kangtingensis, places Amolops kangtingensis into the synonymy of Amolops mantzorum; to resolve this they named Amolops xinduqiao for the high-elevation population formerly incorrectly assigned the name Amolops kangtingensis. In the Amolops mantzorum group of Zeng, Liang, Li, Lyu, Wang, and Zhang, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 146 (106753): 1–9, and Wu, Yan, Stuart, Prendini, Suwannapoom, Dahn, Zhang, Cai, Xu, Jiang, Chen, Lemmon, Lemmon, Raxworthy, Orlov, Murphy, and Che, 2020, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 144 (106701): 1–13, who discussed molecular phylogenetics.

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