Lithobates brownorum (Sanders, 1973)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Lithobates > Species: Lithobates brownorum

English Names

Browns' Leopard Frog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 27).

Brown's Leopard Frog (Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 16).

Browns' Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 106).

Central American Waterfrog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 15). 


Southern Veracruz and northeastern Oaxaca east through the Yucatan Peninsula and the uplands of Chiapas to Nicaragua, sea level to 1650 m elevation.


Subgenus Rana, Rana berlandieri subgroup of the Rana pipiens group as defined by Hillis, Frost, and Wright, 1983, Syst. Zool., 32: 132–143. Although tentatively considered a species distinct from Rana berlandieri by Hillis, 1981, Copeia, 1981: 312–319, subsequently authors (e.g., Lee, 1996, Amph. Rept. Yucatan Peninsula: 123, and Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 71,  Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 404) did not accept the distinction but data suggestive of synonymizing them has not been disclosed. Zaldívar-Riverón, León-Regagnon, and Nieto-Montes de Oca, 2004, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 30: 38–49, recognized the species on the basis of molecular evidence. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 38, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 291–295, provided a brief summary of natural history and identification key for the species of Lithobates in Central America and provided a range map and photograph for this species.

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