Lithobates taylori (Smith, 1959)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Lithobates > Species: Lithobates taylori

Rana taylori Smith, 1959, Herpetologica, 15: 214. Holotype: FMNH 103210, according to Marx, 1976, Fieldiana, Zool., 69: 64; not KU 2978 as stated in the original publication; 2978 refers to R.C. Taylor's personal catalogue. Type locality: "Peralta, [Cantón de Turrialba, Provincia de Cartago,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 101, commented on the type locality.

Rana (Rana) tayloriDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41, by implication.

Rana (Pantherana) tayloriDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 331; Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

Rana (Novirana, Sierrana, Pantherana, Scurrilirana) tayloriHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 305. See Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317–330, Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331–338, and Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 390–402, for relevant discussion of nomenclature. Invalid name formulation under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) as discussed by Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 395.

Lithobates tayloriFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369. Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1–13; by implication.

Lithobates (Lithobates) tayloriDubois, 2006, C. R. Biol., Paris, 329: 830; Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 325.

Rana (Scurrilirana) tayloriHillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 335–336, by implication.

English Names

Peralta Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 109).


Scattered localities on the humid Atlantic coastal lowlands from eastern Nicaragua to southeastern Costa Rica and in the humid premontane and lower montane areas of upland Costa Rica, including the Meseta Oriental and Meseta Occidental and probably the Cordillera Central; south-central Panama in Tonosi and Santa Fe Districts of Los Santos Province, Panamá.


In the Rana berlandieri subgroup of the Rana pipiens complex as defined by Hillis, Frost, and Wright, 1983, Syst. Zool., 32: 132–143. In the equivalent Rana (Pantherana) berlandieri group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 331. Lips and Savage, 1996, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 109: 17–26, included this species (as Rana taylori) in a key to the tadpoles found in Costa Rica. See account by Greding, 1969, Herpetologica, 25: 56–58. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 400–402, who noted an undescribed species in the same complex from the Cordillera de Talamanca and another from western Panama. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189–202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 291–295, provided a brief summary of natural history and identification key for the species of Lithobates in Central America and provided a range map and photograph for this species. Flores, de Gracia, and Rivas, 2017, Herpetol. Rev., 48: 383, provided a record for Panama and briefly discussed the range. See comments by McCranie, Sunyer, and Martínez-Fonseca, 2019, Rev. Nicaraguense Biodiversidad, 52: 11.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.