Pelophylax caralitanus (Arikan, 1988)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Pelophylax > Species: Pelophylax caralitanus

English Names

Beyşehir frog (Arısoy and Başkale, 2019, Herpetozoa, Wien, 32: 195). 


Southwestern Anatolia (Turkey) in the Lakes District, ranging from the Konya Plain to Denizli.


Removed from the synonymy of Pelophylax bedriagae by Jdeidi, Bilgin, and Kence, 2001, J. Morphol., 248: 246, where it had been placed by Böhme and Wiedl, 1994, Zool. Middle East, 10: 39; Dubois and Ohler, 1996 "1994", Zool. Polon., 39: 178; Schneider and Sinsch, 1999, Z. Zool. Syst. Evolutionsforsch., 37: 57. Budak, Tok, and Ayaz, 2000, Turkish J. Zool., 24: 135-137, considered Rana ridibunda caralitana as part of Pelophylax ridibundus (as Rana) but did not note the revisionary literature placing this taxon in the synonymy of Pelophylax bedriagae. Jdeidi, Bilgin, and Kence, 2001, Turkish J. Zool., 25: 153-158, suggested that Rana bedriagae caralitana may be a distinct species. Tosunoglu, Ayaz, and Göçmen, 2005, Anadolu Univ. Bil. Teknol. Dergisi, 6: 55-59, discussed the morphometric distinctiveness of Pelophylax ridibundus caralitanus, but were agnostic on whether caralitana was conspecific with bedriagae or ridibundus. Bülbül, Matsui, Kutrup, and Eto, 2011, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 28: 930-936, reported on mtDNA trees and suggested that pending resolution of the presence or scale of hybridization between Pelophyax bedriagae and Pedlophylax caralitanus that they be considered subspecies, although previous morphological work had considered them distinct species; these authors also noted an unnamed species that is likely the sister taxon of Pelophylax caralitanus + Pelophylax bedriagae in south-central Turkey and likely into adjacent Syria. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 111, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. Kıraç, Gidiş, Mert, and Başkale, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 16 (e303): 76–85, reported on the alarming and pending habitat diminution due to climate change. 

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