Rhinella fernandezae (Gallardo, 1957)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella fernandezae

English Names

Bella Vista Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).


Buenos Aires Province through southern and eastern Uruguay to Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil and inland along the floodplains of the rivers Parana, Paraguay, and Uruguay north into Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil), to southern Paraguay.


In the Bufo granulosus group of Martin, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 56. See Klappenbach and Langone, 1992, An. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, Ser. 2, 8: 173-174, for Uruguayan distribution. Pracht, 1991, Aquarium, Minder, 266: 43-44, provided a photograph and summary of characteristics. Torres, Haro, Sironi, and Bistoni, 2000, Cuad. Herpetol., 14: 81, provided records for Argentina. See comment under Rhinella dorbignyi. Langone, 1995 "1994", Mus. Damaso Antonio Larrañaga, Ser. Divulg. 5: 25-26, and Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 12, provided for the Uruguayan population a brief account and photograph. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 18-19, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. Maneyro and Kwet, 2008, Stuttgart. Beit. Naturkd., Ser. A, Neue Ser., 1: 95-121, provided a discussion of range, taxonomic status, and conservation status and noted extensive hybridization with Rhinella dorbignyi. Narvaes and Rodrigues, 2009, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 40: 1-73, revised the Rhinella granulosa group, provided an account for this species, and noted hybridization with Rhinella dorbignyi in Buenos Aires, Canelones, Lavalleja, and Salto Provinces, Argentina, as well as the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Guerra, Baldo, Rosset, Borteiro, and Kolenc, 2011, Zootaxa, 3092: 36, reported on the advertisement and release calls and suggested that Rhinella dorbignyi and Rhinella fernandezae are likely conspecific. Salas, Zavattieri, di Tada, Martino, and Bridarolli, 1998, Cuad. Herpetol., 12: 37–48, discussed the call. Simon, Machado, and Marroig, 2016, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 283 (20161783): 1–10, reported on skull evolution within the Rhinella granulosa group and provided a dot map.  

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