Rhinella proboscidea (Spix, 1824)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella proboscidea

Bufo (Oxyrhynchus) proboscideus Spix, 1824, Animal. Nova Spec. Nov. Test. Ran. Brasil.: 52. Type(s): Not designated, although including animal figured on pl. 21, fig. 4 of the original publication. ZSM 1145/0 is holotype according to Hoogmoed and Gruber, 1983, Spixiana, München, Suppl., 9: 319-415, and Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 162. Type locality: "flumen Solimoens" (= Rio Solimoes), Brazil.

Oxyrhynchus proboscideusFitzinger, 1826, Neue Class. Rept.: 39.

Rhinella proboscideaFitzinger, 1826, Neue Class. Rept.: 39.

Bufo (Rhinella) proboscideusCuvier, 1829, Regne Animal., Ed. 2, 2: 111, by implication.

Eurhina proboscideusFitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 32.

Oxyrhynchus proboscideusJiménez de la Espada, 1875, Vert. Viaje Pacif. Verif. 1862–1865: 178.

Bufo proboscideusHoogmoed, 1986, in Rocek (ed.), Studies in Herpetol.: 147-150. Hoogmoed, 1990, in Peters and Hutterer (eds.), Vert. Tropics: 117-120.

Rhinella proboscideaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 366.

English Names

None noted.


Amazon river region from Peru to Manaus, Brazil; presumably in Amazonian Colombia and possibly in Amazonian Ecuador.


See discussion by Hoogmoed, 1986, in Rocek (ed.), Studies in Herpetol.: 147-150, and Hoogmoed, 1990, in Peters and Hutterer (eds.), Vert. Tropics: 117-120, who noted that this species was referred to erroneously as Bufo dapsilis by Zimmerman and Bogart, 1988, J. Herpetol., 22: 97-108, and who removed it from the synonymy of Rhinella margaritifera (referred to as Bufo typhonius), where it had been placed by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 315. The diagnostic differences between this form and geographically proximate members of Rhinella are not well documented. See comment under Rhinella margaritiferaBruschi, Sousa, Soares, Carvalho, Busin, Ficanha, Lima, Andrade, and Recco-Pimentel, 2019, Genet. Mol. Biol., 42: 445-451, reported on karyotype. 

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