Sclerophrys camerunensis (Parker, 1936)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Sclerophrys > Species: Sclerophrys camerunensis

Bufo camerunensis Parker, 1936, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1936: 153. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.21.33 (formerly 1910.2.23.5), according to Grandison, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 39. Type locality: "Oban, Calabar", Nigeria.

Bufo camerunensis poensis Parker, 1936, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1936: 155. Syntypes: BMNH 1906.3.30.167 (Moka) and 1906.3.30.168 (Musola), by original designation. Type localities: "Moka (1300-1500 m.)and one from Musola (500-700 m.), Fernando Po" (= Bioko, Equatorial Guinea).

Bufo camerunensis camerunensisParker, 1936, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1936: 153.

Bufo cameronensis cameronensisSchiøtz, 1964, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 127: 2. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Amietophrynus camerunensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363.

Sclerophrys camerunensis  Ohler and Dubois, 2016, PeerJ, 4(e1553): 9. 

English Names

Oban Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).

Cameroon Toad (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 71).


Southeastern Nigeria and Gabon to northeast-central Central African Republic, eastern Dem. Rep. Congo and southwestern Tanzania; Bioko (Equatorial Guinea); more controversially (see comment) in the Mount Nimba region of Guinea, Ivory Coast, and Liberia; Equatorial Guinea (Río Muni and Bioko I.) and northern Rep. Congo.


In the Bufo latifrons group of Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 159. Reported from the Mount Nimba region by Guibé and Lamotte, 1958, Mem. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, 53: 243. Frétey and Blanc, 2002 "2001", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 126: 380, reported this species from Gabon. Rödel and Branch, 2002, Salamandra, 38: 251, suggested that the mutual taxonomic status of Bufo togoensis, Bufo camerunensis, and Bufo cristiglans requires careful reevaluation, implying that West African populations may actually refer to Bufo togoensis. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 71-72, provided a brief account for East Africa. Rödel and Bangoura, 2004, Tropical Zool., 17: 207, suggested that reports of this species from Mount Nimba are actually Amietophrynus togoensis. Lasso, Rial, Castroviejo, and De la Riva, 2002, Graellsia, 58: 21-34, provided notes on ecological distribution in Equatorial Guinea. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 15-15, provided records for Nigeria. Frétey, Barriere, and Ohler, 2006, Herpetol. Rev., 37: 357, provided a record for Central African Republic and discussed the range. Jacobsen, 2009, Afr. Herp News, 47: 2-20, reported this species from east-north-central Central African Republic. Dewynter, Frétey, Jongsma, Bamba-Kaya, and Pauwels, 2018, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 18: 38, provided a brief account and photographs from the Monts Birougou area of Gabon. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 16, summarized the literature for Gabon and provided photographs (p. 52). Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 70–71, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See brief account, range map, and photographs for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230.

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