Dendrobatinae Cope, 1865 (1850)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Dendrobatoidea > Family: Dendrobatidae > Subfamily: Dendrobatinae
61 species

Phyllobatae Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 32. Type genus: Phyllobates Duméril and Bibron, 1841.

Eubaphidae Bonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p. Type genus: Eubaphus Bonaparte, 1831.

EubaphinaBonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p.

Hylaplesidae Günther, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1858: 345. Type genus: Hylaplesia Boie, 1827 (= Hysaplesia Boie, 1826).

Dendrobatidae Cope, 1865, Nat. Hist. Rev., N.S., 5: 100. Type genus: Dendrobates Wagler, 1830.

HylaplesiinaGünther, 1868, Zool. Rec., 4: 148.

HylaplesiidaeCope, 1875, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 1: 8.

HylaplesiidaKnauer, 1878, Naturgesch. Lurche: 112.

DendrobatinaeGadow, 1901, Amphibia and Reptiles: 139, 237. Laurent, 1942, Bull. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg., 18: 1-20.

PhyllobatidaeParker, 1933, Trop. Agric., Trinidad, 10: 12. Laurent, 1980 "1979", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 104: 418; Laurent, 1986, in Grassé and Delsol (eds.), Traite de Zool., 14: 656.

PhyllobatinaeArdila-Robayo, 1979, Caldasia, 12: 385.

DendrobatoidaeDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 309. Epifamily.

English Names

None noted.


Nicaragua east to Guianan South America, south to the eastern slopes of the Andes in Bolivia and the lower Amazon Basin in Brazil.


Roberts, Brown, von May, Arizabal, Presar, Symula, Schulte, and Summers, 2006, Herpetol. J., 16: 377-385, discussed the phylogenetics of this group under the older inclusive name Dendrobates. Brown, Twomey, Amézquita, Souza, Caldwell, Lötters, von May, Melo-Sampaio, Mejía-Vargas, Pérez-Peña, Pepper, Poelman, Sanchez-Rodriguez, and Summers, 2011, Zootaxa, 3083: 1-120, provided a key to the small aposematic species of South America. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their study of Genbank sequences, confirmed the monophyly of this taxon and provided a tree of their molecular exemplars. However, they adopted an outdated taxonomy that makes interpreting their results difficult. Grant, Rada, Anganoy-Criollo, Batista, Dias, Jeckel, Machado, and Rueda-Almonacid, 2017, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 12 (Special Issue): 1–90, provided a detailed phylogenetic analysis and revisonary notes on the systematics of the group, discussed the alternative hypotheses in the relationships of the genera and recognized a tribe, Dendrobatini, to include all Dendrobatinae excluding the "Colostethus" ruthveni group.

Contained taxa (61 sp.):

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.