Running log of additions and changes, 2021

I attempt to summarize here what work I have done on ASW 6.1 starting 1 January 2021. (Previous logs of additions and changes are here.) This log does not include error corrections and the like and I cannot promise that there will not be errors of omission or commission inasmuch as this log is not being constructed automatically and focuses on publications rather than on particular changes and fixes.

1 March 2021: Integrated the extensive taxonomic and nomenclatural conclusions found in the great paper by Scherz, Schmidt, Crottini, Miralles, Rakotoarison, Raselimanana, Köhler, Glaw, and Vences, 2021, Zootaxa, 4938: 392–406, who resolved the assignment of a number of old Scaphiophryne (Microhylidae) names and discussed phylogenetics, morphometrics, calls, and distribution of the species within the genus. 

1 March 2021: Added a comment under Rhinella ceratophrys (Bufonidae), noting the publication of Pereira, Carvalho, Almeida, Rojas-Zamora, Gordo, Frazão, Ávila, and Menin, 2021, Herpetol. Notes, 14: 435–438, who mapped records from western Amazonas, Brazil, and discussed the range. 

1 March 2021: Modified the range statement for Ceratophrys cornuta (Ceratophryidae) to include northeastern Venezuela, following the range extensions provided by Rojas-Runjaic, Palomera García, and Blanco Márquez, 2021, Herpetol. Notes, 14: 461–464. 

27 February 2021: Modified the range statement for Pipa carvalhoi (Pipidae), and added a comment noting the publication of Ferreira, Serra, Silva, Andrade, and Weber, 2021, Herpetol. Notes, 14: 407–409, who reported a population in western Bahia, Brazil, in cerrado habitat. 

27 February 2021: Added a comment under Odorrana exiliversabilis (Ranidae), noting the publication of Zhong, Ma, Lin, Ding, and Luo, 2021, MtDNA, Part B, 6: 570–571, who reported on the complete mtDNA, and provided DNA evidence that Odorrana exiliversabilis is the sister taxon of Odorrana tormota

27 February 2021: Added a comment under Pachytriton granulosus (Salamandridae), noting the publication of Chen, Lin, Zhong, Zhou, and Ding, 2021, MtDNA, Part B, 6: 524–525, who reported on the mtDNA genome, and provided a mtDNA tree of Chinese pleurodeline salamandrids.

27 February 2021: Partitioned Occidozyga into Occidozyga (O. lima and O. berbeza) and Phrynoglossus (P. baluensis, P. celebensis, P. diminutivus, P. floresianus, P. laevis, P. magnapustulosus, P. martensii, P. semipalmatus, P. sumatranus, and P. tomoptika) as well as adding a new species of Phrynoglossus, P. myanhessei from southern Myanmar, all from the publication of Köhler, Vargas, Than, Schell, Janke, Pauls, and Thammachoti, 2021, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 71: 1–26. 

26 February 2021: Added Rana qianjiang (Ranidae), named by Gao, Luo, and Luo in Luo, Liu, Gao, Luo, Huang, Xiao, Wang, Zhou, Luo, and Tang, 2012, J. SW China Normal Univ. (Nat. Sci. Ed.), 37(4): 130–139, from Chayuan Village, Shuishi Township, Qianjiang District, Chongqing Municipality, China.

23 February 2021: Modified the range statement for Tylototriton shanorum (Salamandridae) to comply with the discussion and range extensions provided by Onishi, Kyaw, Aung, Myint, Thwe, and Nishikawa, 2020, Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc., 64: 47–50. 

20 February 2021: Added comments where appropriate noting the publication of Hime, Lemmon, Lemmon, Prendini, Brown, Thomson, Kratovil, Noonan, Pyron, Peloso, Kortyna, Keogh, Donnellan, Mueller, Raxworthy, Kunte, Das, Gaitonde, Green, Labisko, Che, and Weisrock, 2021, Syst. Biol., 70: 49–66, provided a sequence-dense tree of familial relationships, based on 286 amphibian species. 

20 February 2021: Added comment under Microhylinae, Adelastinae, Otophryninae, Otophryne, Synapturanus, and Adelastes, noting the publication of Fouquet, Leblanc, Framit, Réjaud, Rodrigues, Castroviejo-Fisher, Peloso, Prates, Manzi, Suescun, Baroni, Moraes, Recoder, Souza, Vechio, Camacho, Ghellere, Rojas-Runjaic, Gagliardi-Urrutia, Carvalho, Gordo, Menin, Kok, Hrbek, Werneck, Crawford, Ron, Mueses-Cisneros, Rojas-Zamora, Pavan, Simões, Ernst, and Fabre, 2021, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 132: 233–256, who discussed molecular biogeography and on the basis of molecules, calls, and morphometrics discovered a large number of candidate species. 

18 February 2021: Added Litoria spaldingi (Pelodryadidae), removed from the synonymy of Litoria watjulumensis by the revision of Donnellan, Catalano, Pederson, Mitchell, Suhendran, Price, Doughty, and Richards, 2021, Zootaxa, 4933: 211– 240, who provided a wealth of information on advertisement call, morphology, molecular markers, habitat, and range. 

18 February 2021: Added a comment under Rhaebo guttatus (Bufonidae), noting the publication of Marinho, Costa-Campos, Sanches, and Carvalho, 2019, J. Nat. Hist., London, 54: 236–238, who reported the release call. 

18 February 2021: Added a comment under Boana dentei (Hylidae), noting the publication of Marinho, Costa-Campos, Pezzuti, Magalhães, and Dias-Souza, 2020, J. Nat. Hist., London, 54: 971–990, who rediagnosed and redescribed the species and provided descriptions of larval morphology and vocal repertoire and discussed habitat and natural history. 

18 February 2021: Added a comment under Bokermannohyla astartea (Hylidae), noting the publication by Malagoli, Pezzuti, Bang, Faivovich, Lyra, Giovanelli, Garcia, Sawaya, and Haddad, 2021, PLoS One, 16(2: e0246401): 1–30, who reported on larval morphology, vocalizations, and its unique life history.

17 February 2021: Added a comment under Xenohyla eugenioi (Hylidae) noting the publication of Marciano, Tanajura Silva, Costa, Orrico, and Dias, 2021, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 20: 17–23, who reported on cytogenetics and the advertisement call. 

15 February 2021: Added a comment in the synonymy of Karsenia koreana (Plethodontidae), by Shin, Jang, Allain, and Borzée, 2020, ZooKeys, 965: 130, noting the apparent loss of the holotype. 

15 February 2021: Added a comment under Salamandra atra (Salamandridae), noting the publication of Šunje, Bermejo, Van Damme, Backeljau, Pojskić, Bilela, and Stroil, 2021, Salamandra, 57: 75–88, who reported on the molecular phylogeography in the Balkans, with particular reference to Salamandra atra prenjensis. 

15 February 2021: Added a comment under Scythrophrys sawayae (Leptodactylidae), noting the publication of Moser and Lingnau, 2021, Salamandra, 57: 167–170, who reported on vocalization. 

15 February 2021: Added Pristimantis astralos (Craugastoridae), named by Lehr, Lyu, and Catenazzi, 2021, Salamandra, 57: 15–26, from the now destroyed type locality of the Cerro Corona mining concession (6°45’38.11’’ S, 78°38’53.71’’ W), 3600 m a.s.l., Comunidad Tingo, Distrito Hualgayoc, Provincia Bambamarca, Regíon Cajamarca, Peru.

15 February 2021: Added Aplastodiscus heterophonicus (Hylidae), named by Pinheiro, Pezzuti, Berneck, Lyra, Lima, and Leite, 2021, Salamandra, 57: 27–43, from the southeastern slope of the Serra Espinhaço,  Minas Gerais, Brazil.

14 February 2021: Added comments under Scinax constrictus and Scinax nebulosus (Hylidae), noting the publication of Freitas, Sales, Sampaio, Piorski, and Weber, 2021, Brazil. J. Biol., 81: 855–866, who compared the species employing molecular markers to help improve identification. 

14 February 2021: Added Pristimantis andinodiabolus (Craugastoridae), named by Sánchez-Nivicela, Urgilés, Cedeño-Palacios, Abad-Peñafiel, and Guayasamin, 2021, Neotropical Biodiversity, 6: 224–237, from "el bosque de Monay (2°31′52.36”S, 78°37′1.71”W, elevación: 3418 m), cantón Rivera, provincia de Cañar, Ecuador".

14 February 2021: Added Hypopachus guancaso (Microhylidae), named by Firneno, Itgen, Jacobs, Mcdaniels, Luque-Montes, Wilson, and Townsend, 2021, Syst. Biodiversity, 19: 186–208, from the Lenca Highlands of southwestern Honduras.

13 February 2021: Added comments under Amphibia, Anura, Caudata, and Gymnophiona, noting the publication of Zhang, Miao, Hu, Sun, Ding, Ji, Guo, Yan, Wang, Kan, and Nie, 2021, BMC Ecol. Evol., 21 (19): 1–14, who examined mitochondrial rearrangement in amphibians in a phylogenetic context. 

13 February 2021: Added a comment under Paramesotriton aurantius (Salamandridae), noting the publication of Zhong, Zhang, Zheng, Zhang, Ding, and Lin, 2021, MtDNA, Part B, 6: 428–429, who reported on the complete mtDNA genome. 

12 February 2021: Added a comment under Leptobrachium hasseltii (Megophryidae), noting the publication of Kirono, Kusrini, and Mulyani, 2015, Media Konservasi , 20: 269–276, who detailed the vocal repertoire. 

12 February 2021: A substantial generic rearrangement of megophryid frogs via the elevation of all of the subgenera previously recognized within Megophrys, now as genera (Megophrys, Panophrys, Brachytarsophrys, Atympanophrys, Pelobatrachus, Xenophrys, and Ophryophryne), by  Lyu, Zeng, Wang, Liu, Huang, Li, and Wang, 2021, Zootaxa, 4927: 9–40, with four new species of Panophrys named from China. 

12 February 2021: Modified the range statements and added comments under Microhyla mukhlesuri and Micryletta inornata (Microhylidae) and Gracixalus ananjevae and Rhacophorus orlovi (Rhacophoridae), noting range extensions to Quang Nam Province, central Vietnam, by Le, Nguyen, Pham, Nguyen, Phan, Dang, and Ziegler, 2021, Herpetol. Notes, 14: 317–324, who also described their morphology and coloration as well as habitat. 

10 February 2021: Added Occidozyga berbeza (Dicroglossidae), named by Matsui, Nishikawa, Eto, Hamidy, Hossman, and Fukuyama, 2021, Zootaxa, 4926: 535–546, from Sarawak, East Malaysia (Borneo). 

9 February 2021: Added a comment under Quasipaa exilispinosa (Dicroglossidae), noting the publication of Chen, Hu, Zhong, Shangguan, and Ding, 2021, Zootaxa, 4926: 446–450, who reported on advertisement calls.   

9 February 2021: Modified the range statement an added a comment under Telmatobius chusmisensis (Telmatobiidae), noting the publication of Lobos, Rebolledo, Salinas, Fibla, Sáez, and Méndez, 2021, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 20: 1–7, who reported on ecology, habitat, conservation status and range, and provided a locality from Lirima wetland, Región de Tarapacá, Chile, ca. 4000 m elevation. 

5 February 2021: Modified the range statement and added a comment under Polypedates bengalensis (Rhacophoridae) noting the publication of Sethy and Deuti, 2020, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 120: 281–284, who extended the range from West Bengal to Odisha, eastern India. 

5 February 2021: Modified the range statement and added a comment under Ichthyosaura alpestris (Salamandridae), noting the publication of Novarini and Tagliapietra, 2020, Boll. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Venezia, 71: 129–131, who reported an introduced population in Venice, Italy. 

5 February 2021: Added a comment under Neurergus barani (Salamandridae), noting the publication of Kurnaz and Şahin, 2021, Turkish J. Zool., 45: 54–64, who provided a niche modeling analysis which further supported the recognition of this species, distinct from Neurergeus strauchii

5 February 2021: Added comments under Triturus pygmaeus and Triturus marmoratus (Salamandridae), noting the publication of Arntzen, López-Delgado, van Riemsdijk, and Wielstra, 2021, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 59: 459–465, who reported on evidence for a hybrid zone between these two species having moved 215 km in the Iberian Peninsula.

5 February 2021: Added comments under Salamandrina terdigitata and Salamandrina perspicillata (Salamandridae), noting the publication of Macaluso, Villa, Pitruzzella, Rook, Pogoda, Kupfer, and Delfino, 2020, J. Morphol., 281: 1391–1410, who discussed osteology. 

2 February 2021: Added comments to the Hyperolius steindachneri, Hyperolius marmoratus, Hyperolius vilhenai (Hyperoliidae), Ptychadena grandisonae, Ptychadena porosissima, Ptychadena perplicata, and Ptychadena upembae (Ptychadenidae) records to reflect the discussions of the fate and dispersal of the holotypes and paratypes of the frogs (including synonyms of those records listed) in the Museu Dundo by Ceríaco, Marques, André, Afonso, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2020, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 162: 379–440. 

1 February 2021: Added a comment under Duttaphrynus scaber (Bufonidae), noting the publication of Ashaharraza, Kulkarni, Dinesh, and Dani, 2020, J. Anim. Diversity, 2: 1–9, who provided an additional record from Karnataka, India, and provided a dot map for India.

1 February 2021: Modified the range statement for Gastrotheca marsupiata (Hemiphractidae) to reflect the publication of Steigerwald, Sorokin, Condori, Guevara, Crispin, and Chaparro, 2021, Check List, 17: 145–150, who provided a new elevational record (4660 m) from the Cordillera Vilcanot, Quispicanchis Province, Cusco Department, Peru. 

1 February 2021: Modified the range statement for Ichthyophis longicephalus (Ichthyophiidae) and added a comment under that species record noting the publication of. Venu, Raju, Wilkinson, Browne, Varadh, Balakrishna, Ramakrishna, and Venkatachalaiah, 2020, J. Anim. Diversity, 2: 5–10, who provided new records, comments on habitat, as well as a dot map. 

30 January 2021: Made a large number of comments to records noting the results of the molecular phylogenetic study and revision of the dendropsophine hylids by Orrico, Grant, Faivovich, Rivera-Correa, Rada, Lyra, Cassini, Valdujo, Schargel, Machado, Wheeler, Barrio-Amorós, Loebmann, Moravec, Zina, Solé, Sturaro, Peloso, Suárez, and Haddad, 2021, Cladistics, 37: 73–105. 

30 January 2021: Made a large number of changes to conform to the results of the molecular phylogenetic study of lophiohyline hylids by Blotto, Lyra, Cardoso, Rodrigues, Dias, Marciano, Vechio, Orrico, Brandão, Assis, Lantyer-Silva, Rutherford, Gagliardi-Urrutia, Solé, Baldo, Nunes, Cajade, Torres, Grant, Jungfer, Silva, Haddad, and Faivovich, 2021, Cladistics, 37: 36–72. This includes placing Aparasphenodon and Argenteohyla into the synonymy of Nyctmantis, which results in a number of new species combinations. My fingers would wear out if I detailed here everything that is in this magnificent paper. A good read with a lot of detail on many, many topics. Very nice to see. 

28 January 2021: Added a comment under Bombina pachypus (Bombinatoridae), noting the publication of Talarico, Ciambotta, Tiberi, and Mattoccia, 2021, Amphibia-Reptilia, 42: 107–114, who reported on introgression between Bombina pachypus and introduced Bombina variegata in Regional Park of Lucretili Mountains (municipal district of Licenza), central Italy. 

27 January 2021: Added a comment under Leucostethus fraterdanieli (Dendrobatidae), noting the publication of Rojas-Morales, La Marca, and Ramírez-Chaves, 2021, Biota Colomb., 22: 122–132, who reported on the advertisement call and natural history. 

26 January 2021: Added a comment under Discoglossus scovazzi (Alytidae), noting the publication of García-Cardenete, Flores, Yubero, and Rodríguez-Rodríguez, 2019, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 30: 50–53, who provided a record (Noun) in southwestern Morocco and mapped the southwestern part of the range of the species.   

26 January 2021: Added a comment under Chiasmocleis bassleri (Microhylidae), noting the publication of Gómez-Murillo and Arellano-Martín, 2020, Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp., 31: 80–81, who provided a record from Villa Tunari, Provincia Chapare, Departamento de Cochabamba, Bolivia, and provided a polygon map for the range of the species. 

23 January 2021: Added a comment under Cycloramphus (Cycloramphidae), noting the publication of Bueno, Gatto, Gazolla, Leivas, Struett, Moura, and Bruschi, 2021, PLoS One, 16(1: e0245128): 1–20, employed 5S rDNA analysis to illustrate chromosome evolution within the genus. 

23 January 2021: Modified the range statement and added a comment under Pulchrana guttmani, noting the publication of Pitogo and Saavedra, 2021, Herpetol. Notes, 14: 163–167, who reported the species (first collection in 28 years) from the northern slope of the Busa Mountain Range, southern Mindanao, Philippines. 

22 January 2021: Added comments where relevant, noting the publication of Mateo, Géniez, and Pether, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 51–83, who provided range maps for amphibians, comments on the range and population status in Algeria.

22 January 2021: Added comments where relevant noting the publication of Ibrahim, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 107–117, who commented on the range and population status of Egyptian species of amphibians.

22 January 2021: Added a comment under Polypedates (Rhacophoridae), noting the publication of Yuan, Deng, Jiang, Klaus, Orlov, Yang, and Li, 2021, Zool. Res., Kunming, 42: 116–123, who reported on molecular phylogenetics of the species within the genus with a special focus on biogeography. 

22 January 2021: Added a comment under Hoplobatrachus tigerinus (Dicroglossidae), noting the publication of Mohanty, Crottini, Garcia, and Measey, 2021, Biol. Invasions, 23: 69–81, reported on a risk analysis for invasion of this species worldwide.          

21 January 2021: Added a comment under Bufotes turanensis (Bufonidae), noting the publication of Jablonski, Bemmel, and Masroor, 2021, Herpetol. Notes, 14: 63–66, who reported the species from Kunduz Province, northeastern Afghanistan. 

21 January 2021: Added a comment under Pithecopus azureus (Phyllomedusidae), noting the publication of Silva, Carvalho-e-Silva, Ribeiro, Machado, and Couto, 2021, Herpetol. Notes, 14: 121–123, who discussed the range in Piauí, northeastern Brazil, and discussed and mapped the occurrences in that state.  

21 January 2021: Added a comment under Philoria kundagungan (Limnodynastidae), noting the publication of Bolitho, Rowley, Hines, and Newell, 2021, Aust. J. Zool., 67: 231–240, who reported on occupancy modelling, noting a very fragmented distribution of this species. 

20 January 2021: Added a comment under Lithodytes lineatus (Leptodactylidae), noting the publication of Dias-Souza, Figueiredo, Tavares-Pinheiro, and Costa-Campos, 2021, Check List, 17: 95–101, who provided a record from Amapá, Brazil, and provided an updated range map. 

19 January 2021: Added a comment under Microhyla heymonsi (Microhylidae), noting the publication of Akbari, Hamidy, Maryanto, Munir, and Smith, 2021, J. Physics Conf. Ser., 1725 (012063): 1–7, reported on molecular phylogeography employing the mt 16S rRNA gene.     

18 January 2021: Added comments under Caudata, Salamandridae, Salamandrinae, Pleurodelinae, Salamandrininae, and Cynops noting the results (particularly of ancient mitochondrial transfer among major lineages) presented by Rancilhac, Irisarri, Angelini, Arntzen, Babik, Bossuyt, Künzel, Lüddecke, Pasmans, Sanchez, Weisrock, Veith, Wielstra, Steinfartz, Hofreiter, Philippe, and Vences, 2021, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 155 (106967): 1–14. 

17 January 2021: Added a comment under Hyla tsinlingensis (Hylidae), noting the publication of Skorinov, Li, Skorinova, Pasynkova, and Litvinchuk, 2020, North-West. J. Zool., Romania, 16: 172–177,who  reported on chromosome heteromorphism.    

17 January 2021: Added a comment under Hynobius nigrescens (Hynobiidae), noting the publication by Matsui, Yoshikawa, Aoki, Sasamori, Matsui, Tanabe, Misawa, and Nishikawa, 2020, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 37: 529–537, who reported on molecular phylogeography. 

16 January 2021: Added a comment under Lithodytes lineatus (Leptodactylidae), noting the publication of Nascimento, de Sá, and Garcia, 2021, Zool. Anz., 290: 135–147, who detailed larval anatomy and discussed taxonomic placement. 

15 January 2021: Added comments under relevant taxa, noting the brief species accounts for the species of frogs found in East Java, Indonesia, by Amin, 2020, Frogs of East Java

14 January 2021: Added Odorrana dulongensis (Ranidae), named by Liu, Che, and Yuan in Liu, He, Wang, Beukema, Hou, Li, Che, and Yuan, 2021, Zootaxa, 4908: 263–275, from "Dulongjiang village, Gongshan county, Nujiang Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China, 27.677ºN, 98.271ºE, 1,206.1 m asl." 

14 January 2021: Added the new microhyline genus Nanohyla (Microhylidae), partitioned out of Microhyla by Gorin, Scherz, Korost, and Poyarkov, 2021, Zoosyst. Evol., 97: 21–54, including the former species of MicrohylaNanohyla annamensis, Nanohyla annectens, Nanohyla arboricola, Nanohyla hongiaoensis, Nanohyla marmorata, Nanohyla nanapollexa, Nanohyla petrigena, Nanohyla perparva, and Nanohyla pulchella

10 January 2021: Added six new species of the Adenomera heyeri clade from the Brazilian Amazonia: Adenomera amicorum, Adenomera aurantiaca, Adenomera gridipappi, Adenomera inopinata, Adenomera kayapo, and Adenomera tapajonica

9 January 2021: Added a comment under Kassinula (Hyperoliidae), noting the publication of. Conradie, Keates, Lobon-Rovira, Vaz Pinto, Verburgt, Baptista, Harvey, and Júlio, 2020, Afr. Zool., 55: 311–322, who confirmed the phylogenetic results of Channing (1989) as the sister taxon of Afrixalus on the basis of a 16S mtDNA analysis. 

9 January 2021: Added a comment under Kurixalus (Rhacophoridae), noting the publication of Yu, Du, Wang, Rao, Wu, and Yang, 2020, Curr. Zool., Chengdu, 66: 667–675, who reported on the molecular biogeography of the species, suggesting a mainland origin. 

9 January 2021: Added a comment under Gymnophiona noting the publication of Santos, Laurin, and Zaher, 2020, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 131: 737–755, who reviewed the fossil record of caecilians and its use to calibrate molecular time-trees. 

8 January 2021: Added a comment under Lithodytes lineatus (Leptodactylidae), noting the publication of Fermiano, Silva-Alves, Neves, Silva, Santos, and Silva, 2021, Check List, 17: 1–17, who reported on new records in Mato Grosso, Brazil, and discussed habitat. 

8 January 2021: Added a comment under Boana noting the phylogenetic analysis and revision of the Boana pulchella group by Faivovich, Pinheiro, Lyra, Pereyra, Baldo, Muñoz-Saravia, Reichle, Brandão, Giaretta, Thomé, Chaparro, Baêta, Widholzer, Baldo, Lehr, Wheeler, Garcia, and Haddad, 2021, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 155 (106981): 1–18. This study revealed five synonymies that we made as well. 

7 January 2021: Added a comment under Pseudacris crucifer (Hylidae), noting the publication of Cairns, Cicchino, Stewart, Austin, and Lougheed, 2021, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 156 (107042): 1–13, who discussed molecular phylogeography and discordance with call evolution.

6 January 2021: Added Nyctimystes lubisi (Pelodryadidae), named (as Litoria lubisi) by Oliver, Günther, Tjaturadi, and Richards, 2021, Zootaxa, 4903: 117–126, from 10 km south of Timika town, Papua Province, Indonesia (4.662°S, 136.897°E; 20 m a.s.l.).

5 January 2021: Added Scinax tropicalia (Hylidae), named by Novaes-e-Fagundes, Araujo-Vieira, Entiauspe, Roberto, Orrico, Solé, Haddad, and Loebmann, 2021, Zootaxa, 4903: 1–41, Bahia and Ceará, northeastern Brazil. 

5 January 2021: Added Amazops amazops (Rhinatrematidae), a new genus and species of caecilians, named by Wilkinson, Reynolds, and Jacobs, 2021, Herpetol. J., 31: 27–34, from "Finca Virgen La Dolores, at km 57 sign on Hollin–Loreto Road (E20), Orellana, Ecuador, c. 0 degrees 43′ 50″ South and 77 degrees 30′ 25″ West, and c. 1000 m above sea level". 

5 January 2021: Resurrected Leptodactylus brevipes and Leptodactylus intermedius (Leptodactylidae) from the synonymy of Leptodactylus petersii, following the revision of Gazoni, Lyra, Ron, Strüssmann, Baldo, Narimatsu, Pansonato, Schneider, Giaretta, Haddad, Parise-Maltempi, and Carvalho, 2021, Zool. Anz., 290: 117–134, who provided information on calls, morphology, larval morphology, and molecular markers for the Leptodactylus melanonotus group. 

4 January 2021: Added a comment under Centrolene savagei (Centrolenidae) noting the publication of Prado-Sañudo, Giraldo, and Bolívar-García, 2020, Bol. Cient., Univ. Caldas, Colombia, 24: 116–124, who reported on population status in the Western and Central Andes of Colombia.

4 January 2021: Added Leptobrachella bashaensis (Megophryidae), named by Lyu, Dai, Wei, He, Yuan, Shi, Zhou, Ran, Kuang, Guo, Wei, and Yuan, 2020, ZooKeys, 1008: 139–157, from Basha Nature Reserve, Congjiang, Guizhou Province, China

3 January 2021: Modified the range of Sphaerotheca pashchima (Dicroglossidae), referencing the publication of Dandekar, Sulakhe, and Padhye, 2020, Reptiles & Amphibians, 27: 390–396, who provided numbers of range extensions and a dot map confirmed by molecular assay.