Alsodes monticola Bell, 1843

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Alsodidae > Genus: Alsodes > Species: Alsodes monticola

Alsodes monticola Bell, 1843, Zool. Voyage Beagle, Part 5: 41. Holotype: BMNH, according to Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 272, who noted that the specimen is in very poor shape. BMNH 1947.2.19.92 (formerly 1936.12.3.82), by museum records. Type locality: "in the island of Inchy, archipelago of Chonos, north part of Cape Tres Montes, from the same great height as Bufo chilensis (from 500 to 2500 feet elevation) under a stone", Chile.

Cystignathus andinus Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 119. Types: MNHNC, according to the original publication. Type locality: "Andibus Araucaniae et prope Valdiviam", Chile. Considered a nomen dubium by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 276. Synonymy by Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 297. Without discussion, considered a synonym of Alsodes monticola by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 78.

Leptodactylus andinusNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 492.

Eupsophus monticolaLynch, 1968, Herpetologica, 24: 257; Lynch, 1972, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 71: 7.

Alsodes monticolaGallardo, 1970, Neotropica, 16: 83; Formas, 1978, Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ., 13: 1.

English Names

Island Spiny-chest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 70).


Known with confidence only from the type locality (Inchy Island, Chile). 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Chile

Endemic: Chile


In the Alsodes monticola group of Formas and Vera, 1983, Copeia, 1983: 1104–1107. Diaz and Valencia, 1985, Copeia, 1985: 175–181, described larval morphology. Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 78, noted that an Argentinian record (KU 160537—Nahuel Huapi) required corroboration, The record for western Santa Cruz Province (48° 05′ S, 72° 25′ E), Argentina, by Cei and Gil, 1996, Cuad. Herpetol., 10: 73., was shown by Blotto, Nuñez, Basso, Úbeda, Wheeler, and Faivovich, 2013, Cladistics, 29: Appendix S3, p. 1, to be Chaltenobatrachus grandisonae, and the specimen from Puente la Herradura (Chile) reported by Correa-Quezada, Veloso, Iturra-Constant, and Méndez-Torres, 2006, Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat., 79: 435–450, to be a Alsodes verrucosus. See Lobos, Vidal-Maldonado, Correa-Quezada, Labra-Lillo, Díaz-Páez, Charrier, Rabanal, Díaz-Vidal, and Tala, 2013, Anf. Chile Conserv. 1–104, for photograph, comments on conservation status, and range in Chile. 

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