Alsodes nodosus (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Alsodidae > Genus: Alsodes > Species: Alsodes nodosus

Cystignathus nodosus Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 413. Holotype: MNHNP 763 (2 specimens), according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 27; see Ortiz and Lescure, 1990 "1989", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 11: 117. Type locality: "Valparaiso", Chile.

Pleurodema nodosaGirard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 420.

Cystignathus nebulosus Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 422. Types: Not stated; presumablyoriginally in USNM or ANSP, but not noted in type lists and therefore presumed lost. Type locality: "Valparaiso, Chili". Provisional synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 256. Considered; without discussion, a probable synonym of Batrachyla taeniata by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 78. Cuevas in Lavilla, Rabanal, Langone, Vásquez, and Castro-Carrasco, 2019, Zootaxa, 4567: 186, briefly discussed the synonymy with Alsodes nodosus. 

Metaeus timidus Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 424. Type(s): Not stated; presumably originally in USNM, ASNP, or the Philadelphia Mus; but not mentioned in subsequent type lists. Type locality: "Valparaiso, Chili". Stated to be close to Bufonella (= Pseudophryne). Girard, 1858, U.S. Explor. Exped. 1838–1842, 20: 96-97, provided a very detailed redescription. Synonymy by Lavilla, Rabanal, Langone, Vásquez, and Castro-Carrasco, 2019, Zootaxa, 4567: 189. 

Eusophus nodosusCope, 1865, Nat. Hist. Rev., N.S., 5: 113.

Cacotus maculatus Günther, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 482. Syntypes: Not designated although noted in BMNH by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 256; BMNH 1947.2.19.98-99 (formerly 60.9.23.4-5) according to XXX. Type locality: "Chile". Synonymy (with Cystignathus nebulosus) by Cope, 1870 "1869", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 11: 168. Synonymy by Cei, 1960, Breviora, 118: 1-13; Cei, 1962, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 8: 25; Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 78.

Eupsophus nebulosus — Cope, 1870 "1869", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 11: 168.

Borborocoetes nodosusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 253.

Borborocoetes maculatusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 256.

Paludicola muelleri Werner, 1896, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 46: 358. Holotype: ZMB, according to XXX. Type locality: "Frutillar in Chile". Synonymy with Paludicola nodosa by Werner, 1898 "1897", Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Suppl., 4: 266. Synonymy by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 78.

Paludicola nodosaWerner, 1898 "1897", Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Suppl., 4: 270.

Paludicola maculataWerner, 1898 "1897", Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Suppl., 4: 270.

Borborocoetus valdivianus Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 80. Holotype: MNHNC, according to the original publication. Type locality: "cerca del pueblo de Valdivia", Chile. Considered a nomen dubium by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 276. Synonymy by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 78. (Placed previously in the synonymy of Eupsophus nodosus by Gorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 60.)

Cystignathus? coeruleogriseus Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 97. Holotype: MNHNC, according to the original publication. Type locality: "Valdivia", Chile. Synonymy (with Eupsophus maculatus) by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 275. Synonymy by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 78. (Placed previously in the synonymy of Eupsophus nodosus by Gorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 60.)

Cystignathus granulatus Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 98. Syntypes: MNHNC (4 specimens), according to the original publication. Type locality: "Andibus prov. Santiago", Chile. Synonymy (with Eupsophus grayii) by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 275. Synonymy by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 78. (Placed previously in the synonymy of Eupsophus nodosus by Gorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 60.)

Cystignathus cinerascens Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 100. Holotype: MNHNC, according to the original publication. Type locality: "prov. Valdivia", Chile. Synonymy (with Eupsophus grayii) by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 275. Synonymy by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 78. (Placed previously in the synonymy of Eupsophus nodosus by Gorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 60.)

Cystignathus zebra Philippi, 1902, Supl. Batr. Chil. Descr. Hist. Fis. Polit. Chile: 101. Holotype: MNHNC, according to the original publication. Type locality: "in montibus de Aculeo dictis provinciae Santiago", Chile. Synonymy (with Eupsophus grayii) by Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 275. Synonymy by Lavilla, 1994 "1992", Acta Zool. Lilloana, 42: 78. (Placed previously in the synonymy of Eupsophus nodosus by Gorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 60.)

Paludicola illotus Barbour, 1922, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 35: 113. Holotype: MCZ 8314, by original designation. Type locality: "the Cordillera west of Mendoza, about 7000 alt., Argentina". Synonymy by Cei, 1976, Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, 117: 162; Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 297.

Leptodactylus granulatusNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 492.

Leptodactylus coeruleogriseusNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 492.

Leptodactylus cinerascensNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 492.

Leptodactylus zebraNieden, 1923, Das Tierreich, 46: 493.

Borborocoetes kriegi Müller, 1926, Zool. Anz., 65: 195. Holotype: ZSM 141/1925, now lost according to Glaw and Franzen, 2006, Spixiana, München, 29: 171. Type locality: "Valdivia, Chile". Synonymy by Cei, 1960, Breviora, 118: 1-13; Grandison, 1961, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Zool., 8: 111-149; and Cei, 1962, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 8: 25.

Pleurodema illotaParker, 1927, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 20: 468.

Eupsophus maculatusSchmidt, 1954, Lunds Univ. Ärsskrift, N.F., Avd. 2, 49: 5. Cei, 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 275.

Eupsophus kriegiCapurro-S., 1958, Invest. Zool. Chilen., 4: 293.

Eupsophus illotusGallardo, 1962, Rev. Mus. Argent. Cienc. Nat. Bernardino Rivadavia, Cienc. Zool., 8: 116.

Paludicola marmorata Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 118. Error for Paludicola maculata of Werner, 1898 "1897", Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Suppl., 4: 270.

Alsodes nodosusGallardo, 1970, Neotropica, 16: 83. Formas, 1978, Stud. Neotrop. Fauna Environ., 13: 1.

Alsodes illotusGallardo, 1970, Neotropica, 16: 83.

Eupsophus nodosusLynch, 1972, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 71: 7.

Eupsophus illotusLynch, 1972, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 71: 7.

English Names

Black Spiny-chest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 70).

Distribution

Central Chile (Región de Coquimbo to the southern part of the Región de O’Higgins), 150–1500 m elevation.

Comment

In the Alsodes nodosus group of Formas and Vera, 1983, Copeia, 1983: 1104-1107. Vocalizations discussed by Penna, Contreras, and Veloso, 1983, Canad. J. Zool., 61: 2369-2376. See account by Cei, 1962, Batr. Chile: 72-76. Cuevas and Formas, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 40, considered the status of Alsodes illotus to be unclear, implying that it may be distinct. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 618, who rejected its presence in Argentina. See Lobos, Vidal-Maldonado, Correa-Quezada, Labra-Lillo, Díaz-Páez, Charrier, Rabanal, Díaz, and Tala, 2013, Anf. Chile Conserv. 1–104, for photograph, comments on conservation status, and range in Chile. 

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