Eupsophus vertebralis Grandison, 1961

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Alsodidae > Genus: Eupsophus > Species: Eupsophus vertebralis

Eupsophus vertebralis Grandison, 1961, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Zool., 8: 136. Holotype: NHMW 4660.1, according to the original publication. Type locality: "Valdivia, Chile".

English Names

Valdivia Ground Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 81).


From the National Park Tolhuaca (Región de La Araucanía) to the Cordillera Pelada (Región de Los Ríos), Chile; reported from Puerto Blest, Rio Negro Province, Argentina, 50–1000 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Argentina, Chile


Considered a synonym of Alsodes vittatus by Donoso-Barros, 1976, Arch. Biol. Med. Experim., Univ. Chile, 10: 50. Removed from synonymy by Formas, 1989, Bol. Soc. Biol. Concepción, 60: 123–127. In the Eupsophus vertebralis group of Formas and Brieva, 1994, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 107: 391–397. Formas, 1993, J. Herpetol., 28: 394–395, reported on a triploid individual. Basso and Úbeda, 1999, Herpetol. Rev., 30: 172, provided a record from Puerto Blest, Nahuel Huapi National Park, Bariloch Department, Río Negro, Argentina. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 622. See Lobos, Vidal-Maldonado, Correa-Quezada, Labra-Lillo, Díaz-Páez, Charrier, Rabanal, Díaz-Vidal, and Tala, 2013, Anf. Chile Conserv. 1–104, for photograph, comments on conservation status, and range. Suárez-Villota, Quercia, and Nuñez, 2018, J. Genomics, 6: 98–102, reported on the mitochondrial genome. See Correa-Quezada and Durán, 2019, ZooKeys, 863: 107–152, for discussion of systematics and range. Quercia, Suárez-Villota, Foresti, and Nuñez, 2020, Comp. Cytogenet., 14: 61–74, discussed the comparative cytogenetics of this species and Eupsophus emiliopugini.  

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