Alytes cisternasii Boscá, 1879

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Alytidae > Genus: Alytes > Species: Alytes cisternasii

Alytes cisternasii Boscá, 1879, An. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 8: 217. Syntypes: Not stated; presumably originally in MNCN. Type locality: "alrededores de Mérida y Alange (Badajoz)", Spain; restricted to "Mérida, Prov. Badajoz, Spanien" by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 17.

Ammoryctis cisternasiiLataste, 1879, C. R. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci., Paris, 88: 984.

Alytes cisternasiiBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 449.

Alytes (Ammoryctis) cisternasiiDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 12.

Ammoryctis cisternasii — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 96. 

English Names

Iberian Midwife Toad (Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 66; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 50; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 42; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 66).

Brown Midwife Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 51).


Southern and eastern Portugal and western and central Spain, from 100–1300 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Portugal, Spain


See Crespo, 1982, Arq. Mus. Bocage, Ser. C, 1: 255–312, for comparison to Alytes obstetricans. Márquez and Verrell, 1991, J. Zool., London, 225: 125–139, described vocalization. Márquez and Bosch, 1995, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 33: 185–192, reported on advertisement call. Crespo, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 90–91, discussed relevant literature and distribution. Barbadillo-Escrivá, 1987, Guia INCAFO Anf. Rept. Peninsula Iberica: 135–138, provided an account. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 243–246, provided a brief account and polygon map. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 66, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Crespo, 1997, in Pleguezuelos (ed.), Dist. Biogeogr. Anf. Rep. Esp. Portugal: 126–128, provided a brief account, photograph, and detailed map for Iberia. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 614. Gonçalves, Martínez-Solano, Pereira, Carvalho, García-París, and Ferrand de Almeida, 2009 18: 5143–5160, reported on mtDNA phylogeography. Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 121–122, provided a brief account and distribution map. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 31, for brief summary of range, identifying morphology, and biology as well as a photograph.   

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