Barbourula busuangensis Taylor and Noble, 1924

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bombinatoridae > Genus: Barbourula > Species: Barbourula busuangensis

Barbourula busuangensis Taylor and Noble, 1924, Am. Mus. Novit., 121: 1. Holotype: MCZ 14004, by original designation. Type locality: "small stream in the southern part of Busuanga [Island], the largest island of the Calamianes group . . . . between Palawan and the island of Mindoro, Philippines".

English Names

Busuanga Disk-tongued Toad (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 50).

Busuanga Jungle Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 38).

Philippine Aquatic Frog (Halliday and Adler, 2002, New Encyclop. Rept. Amph.: 82).

Philippine Flat-headed Frog (Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 155).


Busuanga, Culion, Balabac, and Palawan islands, Philippines, below 500 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Philippines

Endemic: Philippines


See accounts by Myers, 1943, Copeia, 1943: 148-150, and Inger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 209-213. Fidenci, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 348, provided the record for Balabac Island. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 154. Roček, Baleeva, Vazeille, Bravin, Van Dijk, Nemoz, Přikryl, Smirina, Boistel, and Claessens, 2016, Russ. J. Herpetol., 23: 163–194, reported on the cranial anatomy and the relevance of this to the phylogeny of basal frogs. Bosch, Afuang, Miñarro, Lansac, Márquez, Brown, Lacaste, Burrowes, and De la Riva, 2023, Salamandra, 59: 297–303, reported on vocalizations.  

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