Barbourula kalimantanensis Iskandar, 1978

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bombinatoridae > Genus: Barbourula > Species: Barbourula kalimantanensis

Barbourula kalimantanensis Iskandar, 1978, Copeia, 1978: 565. Holotype: MZB Amph. 2330, by original designation. Type locality: "Nanga Sayan (0° 44′ S; 111° 40′ E), 33 km south of Nanga Pinoh, West Kalimantan [Borneo], Indonesia".

English Names

Kalimantan Jungle Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 38).

Bornean Flat-headed Frog (Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 155).


Known from central and western Borneo (West and Central Kalimantan, Indonesia) from the Tengkalap, Mendawai, and Melawi river basin areas.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Indonesia

Endemic: Indonesia


Iskandar, 1995, Raffles Bull. Zool., 43: 309–311, reported on a second specimen from the vicinity of the type locality and redescribed the species. Santoso, Shonleben, Sapari, and Sadikin, 2006, Herpetol. Bull., London, 98: 7–9, reported a specimen from central Kalimantan (Borneo), Indonesia. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 155. Rachmayuningtyas, Bickford, Kamsi, Kutty, Meier, Arifin, Rachmanasah, and Iskandar, 2011, J. Threatened Taxa, 3: 1981–1989, reported on new localities, biology, habitat, genetic variation, and conservation status. Wijaya, Junardi, and Riyandi, 2020, Protobiont, 9: 161–166, described habitat. 

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