Ischnocnema juipoca (Sazima and Cardoso, 1978)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Brachycephalidae > Genus: Ischnocnema > Species: Ischnocnema juipoca

Eleutherodactylus juipoca Sazima and Cardoso, 1978, Rev. Brasil. Biol., 38: 921. Holotype: MNRJ 4013, by original designation. Type locality: "Souzas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil (aprox. 22° 50′ S, 46° 58′ W; 620 m alt.)".

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) juipocaLynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 226.

Ischnocnema juipocaHeinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: 15; Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 29.

English Names

Souzas Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 76).

Castanets Free-toed Froglet (Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 79).


Vicinity of the type locality in the state of São Paulo, and the southern end of the Serra do Espinhaço, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


In the Eleutherodactylus binotatus group, according to the original publication, where the advertisement call was described. Haddad, Andrade, and Cardoso, 1988, Brasil Florestal, 64: 9–20, described the call. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) binotatus series, Eleutherodactylus binotatus group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 226. Canelas and Bertoluci, 2007, Iheringia, Zool., 97: 21-26, provided a second locality. In the Ischnocnema verrucosa species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 29, Canedo and Haddad, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 65: 619, Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 122, and Taucce, Canedo, Parreiras, Drummond, Nogueira-Costa, and Haddad, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 128: 123–146. Eterovick and Sazima, 2004, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 79-80, provided a photograph and brief account (as Eleutherodactylus juipoca). Cruz, Feio, and Caramaschi, 2009, Anf. Ibitipoca: 54-55, provided photographs and a brief account for Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Assis, Guedes, Savignon, and Feio, 2018, Herpetol. Notes, 11: 561–563, compared the advertisement call to that of Ischnocnema penaxavantinho. Eterovick, Souza, and Sazima, 2020, Anf. Serra do Cipó: 1-292, provided an account, life history information, and an identification scheme for the Serra de Cipó, Minas Gerais, Brazil. 

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