Ischnocnema verrucosa (Reinhardt and Lütken, 1862)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Brachycephalidae > Genus: Ischnocnema > Species: Ischnocnema verrucosa

Leiuperus verrucosus Reinhardt and Lütken, 1862 "1861", Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., Ser. 2, 3: 171. Holotype: ZMUC 51 according to J.D. Lynch In Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 334; holotype is now ZMUC 1180 according to museum records (H. Kristensen, personal commun., 24 Nov. 2010). Type locality: "Byen [= city] Juiz de Fora i Minas Geraes (altsaa fra Urskovsregionen)", Brazil.

Ischnocnema verrucosa — Reinhardt and Lütken, 1862 "1861", Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., Ser. 2, 3: 239. Lynch and Schwartz, 1971, J. Herpetol., 5: 109; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2; Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 29.

Paludicola verrucosaBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 236.

Pleurodema verrucosaParker, 1927, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 20: 476.

Eupsophus verrucosus Miranda-Ribeiro, 1937, O Campo, 8: 66–69. Holotype: MNRJ, not located by Miranda-Ribeiro, 1955, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 42: 411. Type locality: "Rio Mutum [Coluna—Esprito Santo", Brazil. Given as "rio Mutum, Colatina, Espiritu Santo", Brazil by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 40. Synonymy by Lynch, 1972, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 71: 9.

Eupsophus versus Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 120. Replacement name for Eupsophus verrucosus Miranda-Ribeiro, 1937, thought to be preoccupied.

Eleutherodactylus verrucosusBokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 40. (New combination for Eupsophus verrucosus Miranda-Ribeiro, 1937).

Eleutherodactylus verrucosusCaramaschi and Canedo, 2006, Zootaxa, 1116: 48.

English Names

Brazilian Big-headed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 81).


Known only from the type locality in Minas Gerais, two localities in Espíritu Santo, and two localities in the municipalities of Camacan and Amargosa, state of Bahia, Brazil.


See Lynch, 1972, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 71: 8–10, for discussion of nomenclatural confusion and redescription of the holotype. In the Ischnocnema verrucosa species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 29, Canedo and Haddad, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 65: 619, Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 122, and Taucce, Canedo, Parreiras, Drummond, Nogueira-Costa, and Haddad, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 128: 123–146. Orrico, 2010, Check List, 6: 246–247, provided the record from Bahia, and discussed the range. Freitas, Souza, and Fonseca, 2011, Herpetol. Rev., 42: 385, provided a record for the Municipality of Amargosa, Bahia, Brazil, and discussed the range.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.