Eleutherodactylus amadeus Hedges, Thomas, and Franz, 1987

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Eleutherodactylidae > Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae > Genus: Eleutherodactylus > Species: Eleutherodactylus amadeus

Eleutherodactylus amadeus Hedges, Thomas, and Franz, 1987, Copeia, 1987: 943. Holotype: USNM 258676, by original designation. Type locality: "Formon Ridge Camp on the south slope of Morne Formon (Formon Ridge), 3.0 km N base camp (2.6 km N, 15.1 km W Camp Perrin, airline distance), Dept. du Sud, Haiti (18° 20´ 59" N, 74° 00´ 38" W; 1650 m)".

Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas) amadeusHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 322; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Euhyas amadeusFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 361; Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 433.

English Names

Haitian Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 72).

Macaya Bushfrog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 9). 


Massif de la Hotte, Tiburon Peninsula, southwestern Haiti, 1000–2340 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Haiti

Endemic: Haiti


Questionably in the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group according to original publication. Placed in the Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas) bakeri series by Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 322. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) abbotti series, Eleutherodactylus abbotti group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 219. Reviewed by Hedges and Powell, 1998, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 647: 1–2. In the Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas) oxyrhyncus species series, Eleutherodactylus bakeri species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 74, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 130. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 317. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 35, summarized the natural history literature. Ríos-López, 2023, In Rios-Lopez and Heatwole (eds.), Conserv. Biogeograph. Amph. Caribb.: 218–262, discussed conservation status in Haiti and surrounding issues.

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