Eleutherodactylus auriculatus (Cope, 1862)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Eleutherodactylidae > Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae > Genus: Eleutherodactylus > Species: Eleutherodactylus auriculatus

Hylodes auriculatus Cope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 152. Syntypes: by original designation, "Mus. Smithsonian, (No. 5207.) Philadelphia Academy [now lost?].", presumably lost as not noted in recent USNM or ANSP type lists. Type locality: "Eastern Cuba".

Hylodes (Hylodes) auriculatusCope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 153.

Eleutherodactylus auriculatusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 583.

Eleutherodactylus sonans Dunn, 1925, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 164. Holotype: MCZ 10609, by original designation. Type locality: "Soledad, [Cienfuegos Province,] Cuba". Synonymy by Barbour, 1937, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 82: 97.

Eleutherodactylus auriculatus sonansBarbour, 1937, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 82: 97.

Eleutherodactylus sonansSchwartz, 1958, Herpetologica, 14: 70.

Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) auriculatusHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 326; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10093; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2; Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 55-56.

English Names

Eastern Cuba Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 72).

Cuban Telegraphic Frog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 9). 


Widespread on Cuba and Isla de Pinos (= Isla de Juventud), sea level to 1300 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Cuba

Endemic: Cuba


In the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group, according to Schwartz, 1958, Am. Mus. Novit., 1873: 2, and Schwartz, 1965, Herpetologica, 21: 27-31. See also Schwartz, 1960, Sci. Publ. Reading Public Mus. Art Gallery, 11: 4–5. In the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus section, unassigned to series or species group, according to Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 326. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) martinicensis series, Eleutherodactylus martinicensis group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 220. Hedges, Estrada, and Thomas, 1992, Herpetol. Monogr., 6: 68–83, reported on the call. Díaz and Cádiz, 2007, Herpetotropicos, Mérida, 3: 100–122, reported on the advertisement call. In the Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) auriculatus species series, Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 55, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 129 (who rendered the group monophyletic). Díaz and Cádiz, 2008, Guía Taxon. Anf. Cuba: 111–112, provided a brief account, illustration, and map. Rodríguez, Vences, Nevado, Machordom, and Verheyen, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 54: 179–186, provided phylogenetic information. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 38, summarized the natural history literature. Rivalta González, Rodríguez Schettino, Mancina, and Iturriaga, 2014, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 145: 12, provided a dot map and localities. Rodriguez, Börner, Pabijan, Gehara, Haddad, and Vences, 2015, Evol. Ecol., 29: 765–785 (and supplemental data), reported on phylogeographic diversity and its causes. Bignotte-Giró, Fong-G., and López-Iborra, 2019, Amphibia-Reptilia, 40: 1–11, reported on the call and niche partitioning. 

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