Eleutherodactylus hypostenor Schwartz, 1965

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Eleutherodactylidae > Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae > Genus: Eleutherodactylus > Species: Eleutherodactylus hypostenor

Eleutherodactylus hypostenor Schwartz, 1965, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 132: 498. Holotype: MCZ 43187, by original designation. Type locality: "10.5 mi. (16.8 km) S Cabral, 3500 feet (1060 m), Barahona Province, República Dominicana".

Eleutherodactylus (Pelorius) hypostenorHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 329; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pelorius hypostenorFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 362.

English Names

Cabral Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 75).

Baoruco Burrow Frog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 10). 


Sierra de Baoruco of the Dominican Republic, sea level to 1070 m elevation. Presumed to extend into adjacent Haiti, but not so far recorded there. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Dominican Republic

Likely/Controversially Present: Haiti

Endemic: Dominican Republic


In the Eleutherodactylus inoptatus group, according to Schwartz, 1965, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 132: 498. See Schwartz, 1984, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 346: 1–2, for review. In the more exclusive Eleutherodactylus ruthae group of Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 329. In the Eleutherodactylus (Pelorius) ruthae group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 226. In the Eleutherodactylus (Pelorius) ruthae species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 86, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 131. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 346. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 56, summarized the natural history literature. Records from the Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti subsequently named as Eleutherodactyus parapelatesRíos-López, 2023, In Rios-Lopez and Heatwole (eds.), Conserv. Biogeograph. Amph. Caribb.: 218–262, discussed conservation status and (p. 234), regarded the exclusion of this species from the Haiti fauna by the IUCN Red List to require additional discussion and/or data. 

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