Eleutherodactylus inoptatus (Barbour, 1914)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Eleutherodactylidae > Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae > Genus: Eleutherodactylus > Species: Eleutherodactylus inoptatus

Leptodactylus inoptatus Barbour, 1914, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 44: 252. Holotype: MCZ 3087, by original designation. Type locality: "Diquini, [Département de l'Ouest,] Haiti". Placed on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology by Opinion 1104, Anonymous, 1978, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 34: 223.

Eleutherodactylus inoptatusSchmidt, 1921, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 44: 9.

Eleutherodactylus beebei Cochran, 1956, Zoologica, New York, 42: 11. Holotype: USNM 129526 Type locality: "Kartabo, British Guiana" (in error according to Schwartz, Thomas, and Ober, 1978, Spec. Publ. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist., 5: 5. Synonymy by Lynch, 1976, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 61: 1-24.

Eleutherodactylus (Pelorius) inoptatusHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 329; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 10094; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pelorius inoptatusFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 362.

English Names

Diquini Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 75).

Hispaniolan Giant Frog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 10). 


Hispaniola; islandwide but unreported from large areas in Haiti and the Dominican Republic; Ile de la Tortue; sea level to 1700 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Dominican Republic, Haiti


In the Eleutherodactylus inoptatus group, according to Schwartz, 1965, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 132: 508. Shreve and Williams, 1963, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 129: 318, put this species in the more inclusive Eleutherodactylus varians group (= Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group). See discussion by Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 141–156. In a more exclusive Eleutherodactylus inoptatus group of Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 329. Hedges and Thomas, 1987, Herpetologica, 43: 269–279, discussed the advertisement call. In the Eleutherodactylus (Pelorius) inoptatus group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 226. In the Eleutherodactylus (Pelorius) inoptatus species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 85, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 131. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 57, summarized the natural history literature. Galvis-Peñuela, Caorsi, Sánchez-Pacheco, and Rada, 2018, Bioacoustics, 27: 1–12, reported on the advertisement call. Ríos-López, 2023, In Rios-Lopez and Heatwole (eds.), Conserv. Biogeograph. Amph. Caribb.: 218–262, discussed conservation status in Haiti and issues bearing on that. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.