Eleutherodactylus marnockii (Cope, 1878)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Eleutherodactylidae > Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae > Genus: Eleutherodactylus > Species: Eleutherodactylus marnockii

Syrrhophus marnockii Cope, 1878, Am. Nat., 12: 253. Syntypes: ANSP 10765-68, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 351. Type locality: "near San Antonio", Bexar County, Texas, USA. Placed on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology by Opinion 1024, Anonymous, 1974, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 31: 130-132.

Syrrhophus marnochiiCope, 1880, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 17: 26. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Hylodes marnockiiGarman, 1884, Bull. Essex Inst., 16: 42.

Syrrhopus marnockiiBoulenger, 1888, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1888: 206.

Eleutherodactylus marnockiiMyers, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 196, by implication.

Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) marnockiiHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 318–319; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Syrrhophus marnockiiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 362.

Euyhas marnockii — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 433.

English Names

Marnock's Frog (Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 24; Strecker, 1915, Baylor Univ. Bull., 18: 48; Wright and Wright, 1933, Handb. Frogs Toads U.S. Canada: xi).

Cliff Frog (Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 60; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 177; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 304; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 13; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 12).

Cliff Chirping Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 76; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 9; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 5; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 24; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 7; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 14).


Edwards Plateau and the extreme eastern edge of the Stockton Plateau in Texas, USA; apparently isolated populations in Presidio County of West Texas, USA, in the Sierra Vieja, as well as 19.3 km southeast of Marfa.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: United States of America, United States of America - Texas

Endemic: United States of America, United States of America - Texas


In the Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) marnockii group of the Eleutherodactylus longipes series of Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 318–319. See account by Lynch, 1970, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 20: 1–45. In the Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) marnockii group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 228. See comment under Eleutherodactylus guttilatus, which some authors consider to be synonymous. In the Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) longipes species series, Eleutherodactylus guttilatus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 91, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 131. Lemos-Espinal and Smith, 2007, Anf. Rept. Coahuila México: 45–46, provided an account (as Syrrhophus marnockii) for Coahuila, Mexico. Wallace, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 496–499, and Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 1: 201–204, provided accounts that summarizes the literature of the species. Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am.: 290–291, provided an account, photos, and advertisement call. Owen, Marshall, and Davis, 2014, Herpetol. Rev., 45: 652, provided range extensions in the mountains of Presidio County, Texas, seemingly well isolated from the larger range segment to the east. In the Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) longipes clade of Hernández-Austria, García-Vázquez, Grünwald, and Parra-Olea, 2022, Syst. Biodiversity, 20 (1: 2014597): 1–20, who reported on molecular phylogenetics. Bassett, 2023, Reptiles & Amphibians, 30(e18486): 1–18, provided an updated county distribution map for Texas, USA.

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