Eleutherodactylus nortoni Schwartz, 1976

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Eleutherodactylidae > Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae > Genus: Eleutherodactylus > Species: Eleutherodactylus nortoni

Cornufer unicolor Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 28. Syntypes: MNHNP and RMNH 1736 (according to Gassó Miracle, van den Hoek Ostende, and Arntzen, 2007, Zootaxa, 1482: 37), by original designation; MNHNP 747 designated lectotype by Zweifel, 1967, Copeia, 1967: 119. Type locality: "Nova Guinea". Suggested to be a junior synonym of Platymantis corrugatus (as Cornufer rugata) by Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 241. Synonymy with Eleutherodactylus inoptatus by Zweifel, 1967, Copeia, 1967: 117–120. Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 142, suggested that the correct synonymy is with Eleutherodactylus nortoni. Suppressed for purposes of synonymy and homonymy by Opinion 1104, Anonymous, 1978, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 34: 222–223.

Hyla cornuta Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 71. Label name for MNHNP syntypes provided as an objective synonym in description of Cornufer unicolor Tschudi, 1838.

Hyla cornuta Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 617. Substitute name for Cornufer unicolor.

Halophila dorsualis Girard, 1858, U.S. Explor. Exped. 1838–1842, 20: 58. Holotype: Presumably deposited in the USNM but apparently now lost. Type locality: "Feejee Islands", presumably in error. Possibly based on specimens of Cornufer unicolor according to Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 107.

Eleutherodactylus nortoni Schwartz, 1976, Herpetologica, 32: 165. Holotype: USNM 195847, by original designation. Type locality: "8.6 km SW Seguin, 1007 m, Département de l'Ouest, Haiti".

Eleutherodactylus (Pelorius) nortoniHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 329; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Pelorius nortoniFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 362.

English Names

Norton's Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 77).

Spiny Giant Frog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 11). 


The Massif de la Hotte and the Massif de la Selle in Haiti, east to the southern slopes of the latter range in the Dominican Republic and from the southern slopes of the Sierra de Baoruco north of Cabo Rojo, 576–1515 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Dominican Republic, Haiti


In the Eleutherodactylus inoptatus group, according to the original publication. In a more exlusive Eleutherodactylus inoptatus group of Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 329. Hedges and Thomas, 1987, Herpetologica, 43: 269–279, discussed the advertisement call. In the Eleutherodactylus (Pelorius) inoptatus group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 229. In the Eleutherodactylus (Pelorius) inoptatus species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 85, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 131. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 361. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 66, summarized the natural history literature. See comments in Ríos-López, 2023, In Rios-Lopez and Heatwole (eds.), Conserv. Biogeograph. Amph. Caribb.: 238–239, regarding the possible conspecific Eleutherodactylus chlorophenaxRíos-López, 2023, In Rios-Lopez and Heatwole (eds.), Conserv. Biogeograph. Amph. Caribb.: 218–262, discussed conservation status in Haiti and issues bearing on that.

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