Eleutherodactylus oxyrhyncus (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Eleutherodactylidae > Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae > Genus: Eleutherodactylus > Species: Eleutherodactylus oxyrhyncus

Hylodes oxyrhyncus Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 622. Holotype: MNHNP 753, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 29. Type locality: unknown.

Hylodes oxyrhynchusGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 92. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the species name.

Hylodes (Euhyas) oxyrhynchusCope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 154.

Eleutherodactylus oxyrhyncusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582-583, by implication.

Eleutherodactylus femur-levis Cochran, 1935, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 40: 371. Holotype: MCZ 19836, by original designation. Type locality: "Desbarrière, northeastern foothills, Massif de la Hotte, about 4000 feet altitude", Département du Sud, Haiti. Synonymy of Lynch and Schwartz, 1971, J. Herpetol., 5: 103-112; and Schwartz, 1972, J. Herpetol., 6: 104.

Eleutherodactylus oxyrhynchusGuibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 29.

Eleutherodactylus oxyrhyncusFrost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 309.

Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas) oxyrhyncusHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 325; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Euhyas oxyrhyncaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 361; Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 433.

English Names

Rednose Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 77).

Hispaniolan Sharp-nosed Frog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 11).


Hispaniola; in Haiti on the northwest slope of Pic Macaya and the eastern foothils; north of Cavaillon on the Massif de la Hotte and the southern slopes of the Massif de la Selle, 333 to 1212 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Haiti

Endemic: Haiti


In the Eleutherodactylus ricordii group, according to Schwartz, 1965, Stud. Fauna Curaçao and other Caribb. Is., 22: 104. Taxonomic disposition discussed by Lynch and Schwartz, 1971, J. Herpetol., 5: 104-109. The unjustified (but understandable) emendation Eleutherodactylus oxyrhynchus has had nearly universal use (DRF). Subgenus Euhyas; not assignable to species group according to Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 325. In the Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas) ricordii group according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 229. In the Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas) oxyrhyncus species series, Eleutherodactylus oxyrhyncus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 77, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 130. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 363. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 68, summarized the natural history literature. Ríos-López, 2023, In Rios-Lopez and Heatwole (eds.), Conserv. Biogeograph. Amph. Caribb.: 218–262, discussed conservation status and related issues in Haiti.

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