Eleutherodactylus rubrimaculatus (Taylor and Smith, 1945)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Eleutherodactylidae > Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae > Genus: Eleutherodactylus > Species: Eleutherodactylus rubrimaculatus

Syrrhophus rubrimaculatus Taylor and Smith, 1945, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 95: 583. Holotype: USNM 114070, by original designation. Type locality: "La Esperanza, [near Escuintla,] Chiapas", Mexico.

Syrrhophus rubrimaculataSmith and Taylor, 1948, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 194: 48–49.

Eleutherodactylus rubrimaculatusMyers, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 196, by implication.

Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) rubrimaculatusHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 318. Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Syrrhophus rubrimaculatusFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 362.

English Names

Red-spotted Chirping Frog (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 21; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 79; Dusky Chirping Frog (Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 25).

Distribution

Low to moderate elevations on the Pacific versant of southeastern Chiapas, Mexico; extending into adjacent southwestern Guatemala, sea level to 1000 m elevation.

Comment

In the Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) leprus group of the Eleutherodactylus longipes series, according to Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 318–319. See account (as Syrrhophus rubrimaculatus) by Lynch, 1970, Univ. Kansas Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist., 20: 20–22, which Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 232, considered to be in the Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) leprus group. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status of nominal Eleutherodactylus rubrimaculatus in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 375. In the Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) longipes species series, Eleutherodactylus leprus species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 89, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 131. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 375. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 183–191, provided a key to the species of Eleutherodactylus in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one.  Eleutherodactylus rubrimaculatus was placed in the Eleutherodactylus (Syrrhophus) longipes species series, Eleutherodactylus leprus species group by Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 89, and by Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 131.  Grünwald, Reyes-Velasco, Franz-Chávez, Morales-Flores, Ahumada-Carrillo, Jones, and Boissinot, 2018, Mesoam. Herpetol., 5: 68, suggested on the basis of molecular data that Eleutherodactylus rubrimaculatus might be conspecific with Eleutherodactylus pipilans. Mendoza-Henao, Hernández-Austria, López-Velázquez, and Parra-Olea, 2020, Zootaxa, 4732: 589–592, reported on calls. Removed from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus nebulosus by Hernández-Austria, García-Vázquez, Grünwald, and Parra-Olea, 2022, Syst. Biodiversity, 20: 1, where it had been placed by Grünwald, Reyes-Velasco, Franz-Chávez, Morales-Flores, Ahumada-Carrillo, Rodriguez, and Jones, 2021, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 15(e272): 24. 

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