Eleutherodactylus rufifemoralis Noble and Hassler, 1933

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Eleutherodactylidae > Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae > Genus: Eleutherodactylus > Species: Eleutherodactylus rufifemoralis

Eleutherodactylus rufifemoralis Noble and Hassler, 1933, Am. Mus. Novit., 652: 4. Holotype: AMNH 44556, by original designation. Type locality: "above 'Salvation Station' on property of Luis E. Del Monte, near Barahona, [Barahona Province,] D[ominican]. R[epublic].".

Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas) rufifemoralisHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 323; Heinicke, Duellman, and Hedges, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, Suppl. Inform., 104: Table 2.

Euhyas rufifemoralisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 361; Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 433.

English Names

Red-legged Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 79).

Baoruco Red-legged Frog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 12).


Hispaniola; extreme eastern portion of the Sierra de Baoruco, Dominican Republic, 727–1370 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Dominican Republic

Endemic: Dominican Republic


Noble and Hassler, 1933, Am. Mus. Novit., 652: 4, considered Eleutherodactylus rufifemoralis allied to Eleutherodactylus minutus which Shreve and Williams, 1963, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 129: 323, and Schwartz, 1966, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 133: 396, considered a member of the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group (= Eleutherodactylus varians group in the nomenclature of Shreve and Williams). Eleutherodactylus rufifemoralis is of uncertain relationships at this point, owing to an omission of comments in the literature and its variance from the diagnostic features cited for the Eleutherodactylus auriculatus group according to J. D. Lynch in Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 319. Placed in the Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas) pictissimus series, Eleutherodactylus rufifemoralis group by Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 323. In the Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas), unassigned to species group by Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 231. Reviewed by Ruder, Powell, and Parmerlee, 1995, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 601: 1–2. In the Eleutherodactylus (Euhyas) oxyrhyncus species series, Eleutherodactylus rufifemoralis species group of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 77, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 131. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 376. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 76, summarized the natural history literature.

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