Eleutherodactylus ruthae Noble, 1923

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Eleutherodactylidae > Subfamily: Eleutherodactylinae > Genus: Eleutherodactylus > Species: Eleutherodactylus ruthae

English Names

Ruth's Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 79).

Eastern Burrowing Frog (Hedges, Powell, Henderson, Hanson, and Murphy, 2019, Caribb. Herpetol., 67: 12).


Patchily distributed in the eastern Dominican Republic, 0–900 m, elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Dominican Republic

Endemic: Dominican Republic


In the Eleutherodactylus inoptatus group, according to Schwartz, 1965, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 132: 479-508, who recognized four subspecies, now considered species (including Eleutherodactylus aporostegus, Eleutherodactylus bothroboans, Eleutherodactylus ruthae tychaethrousHedges and Thomas, 1987, Herpetologica, 43: 269–279, discussed the advertisement call. Powell, 1993, Herpetol. Rev., 24: 135–137, suggested that Eleutherodactylus ruthae aporostegus and Eleutherodactylus ruthae tychaethrous warranted binominal status. In the more exclusive Eleutherodactylus (Eleutherodactylus) auriculatus section, Eleutherodactylus ruthae group of Hedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 329. In the Eleutherodactylus (Pelorius) ruthae group, according to Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 232. In the Eleutherodactylus (Pelorius) ruthae species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 86, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 131. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 377. Henderson and Powell, 2009, Nat. Hist. Rept. Amph. W. Indies: 76, summarized the natural history literature. Ríos-López, 2023, In Rios-Lopez and Heatwole (eds.), Conserv. Biogeograph. Amph. Caribb.: 218–262, discussed the systematic history and its exclusion from the list of Haitian species due to those populations being named as other species. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.