Altiphrynoides osgoodi (Loveridge, 1932)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Altiphrynoides > Species: Altiphrynoides osgoodi

Bufo osgoodi Loveridge, 1932, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 8: 47. Holotype: FMNH 12529, by original designation. Type locality: "Ethiopia . . . . If it is a mountain form it probably came from the Gedeb Mountains of Bali, just south of the western branch of the Webi Shebili River, . . . . in deep forest and . . . from eight to ten thousand feet".

Nectophrynoides osgoodiGrandison, 1978, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 11: 136.

Spinophrynoides osgoodiDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 26.

Altiphrynoides osgoodiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 363.

English Names

Osgood's Ethiopian Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 45).

Osgood's Alpine Toad (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 82).


Mountains east of the Rift Valley in south-central Ethiopia (Arussi, Balé, Sidamo, and Gamo Gofa, provinces), 1950–3520 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Ethiopia

Endemic: Ethiopia


See Largen, 2001, Tropical Zool., 14: 326-327, for comments on distribution. Tandy and Keith, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 156, considered Bufo osgoodi to be a member of the Bufo taitanus complex (now part of Mertensophryne). See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Spinophrynoides osgoodi) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 204. See account (as Spinophrynoides osgoodi), photograph, and map for Ethiopia by Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 98-99. See comments regarding larval life history by Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 127. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 82–83, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Müller, 2019, J. Herpetol., 53: 218–223, described larval morphology. 

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