Ansonia spinulifer (Mocquard, 1890)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Ansonia > Species: Ansonia spinulifer

Bufo spinulifer Mocquard, 1890, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 3, 2: 160. Syntypes: MNHNP 1889.281-283, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 15. Type locality: "Kina Balu", Sabah (Borneo), Malaysia.

Ansonia spinuliferBoulenger, 1894, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 6, 14: 81.

Ansonia spinuliferaInger and Dring, 1988, Malayan Nat. J., 41: 461–471. Incorrect treatment of a noun in apposition (spinulifer) as an adjective.

English Names

Kina Balu Stream Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 39).

Spiny Slender Toad (Das, Jankowski, Makmor, and Haas, 2007, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 104: 147).


Widespread in high-gradient areas of northern Borneo (Malaysia: Sarawak and Sabah), 150–750 m elevation; western Kalimantan (Borneo), Indonesia; possibly into Brunei. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Indonesia, Malaysia, Malaysia, East (Sarawak and/or Sabah)

Likely/Controversially Present: Brunei


Removed from the synonymy of Ansonia leptopus by Inger and Dring, 1988, Malayan Nat. J., 41: 461–471, where it had been placed by Inger, 1960, Fieldiana, Zool., 39: 479. See identification table by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 26, to compare this species with others in the Sunda Shelf region. Malkmus, Manthey, Vogel, Hoffmann, and Kosuch, 2002, Amph. Rept. Mount Kinabalu: 74–75, provided an account. Das, Jankowski, Makmor, and Haas, 2007, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 104: 147, provided a brief description. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 610. Amram, Zainudin, and Wahid, 2018, Sains Malaysiana, 47: 1–7, reported on the mating call. Haas, Kueh, Joseph, bin Asri, Das, Hagmann, Schwander, and Hertwig, 2018, Evol. Syst., 2: 89–114, provided a brief account of morphology for the Sabah population. Haas, Das, Hertwig, Bublies, and Schulz-Schaeffer, 2022, Guide to the Tadpoles of Borneo: 115–117, summarized the knowledge of habitat, reproduction, larval morphology and coloration. Riyandi, Yanti, and Hairunnisa,, 2022, Life Sci., 11: 60–67, reported the species from Bukit Wangkang, Kubu District, Kubu Raya Regency, western Kalimantan (Borneo), Indonesia. 

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