Atelopus certus Barbour, 1923

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Atelopus > Species: Atelopus certus

Atelopus spurrelli certus Barbour, 1923, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 129: 12. Holotype: MCZ 8538, by original designation; the listing of syntypes by Kluge, 1983, Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 166: 23, is in error. Type locality: "from a stream on Mt. Sapo, [Provincia Darién,] eastern Panama".

Atelopus varius certusDunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 397.

Atelopus spurrelli certusMarx, 1958, Fieldiana, Zool., 36: 426.

Atelopus certusRivero, 1963, Caribb. J. Sci., 3: 109; Savage, 1972, Herpetologica, 28: 91.

English Names

Darien Stubfoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 39).


Cerro Sapo region, 500–1150 m elevation, southeastern Darién, Panama.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Panama

Endemic: Panama


Savage, 1972, Herpetologica, 28: 91, recognized this taxon as a species and denied any close relation to Atelopus spurrelli; Cochran and Goin, 1970, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 288: 131, had considered it a synonym of Atelopus spurrelliDuellman and Lynch, 1969, Herpetologica, 25: 231–240, described the tadpole. In the Atelopus ignescens group of Lynch, 1993, Alytes, 11: 77–87. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 163. Ibáñez D. and Kahn, 2005, in Rueda-Almonacid et al. (eds.), Ranas Arlequines: 118, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 98–102, compared this to the other species of Central America and provided a map and photograph. Veselý and Batista, 2021, Zool. Res., Kunming, 42: 272–279, provided a dot map of the distribution. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.