Barbarophryne brongersmai (Hoogmoed, 1972)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Barbarophryne > Species: Barbarophryne brongersmai

English Names

Tiznit Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 40).

Brongersma's Toad (Géniez, Mateo, Geniez, and Pether, 2004, Amph. Rept. W. Sahara: 34).

Moroccan Green Toad (Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 82).


Sous valley, southern Morocco and Marrakesh plain of central Morocco to Cape Bojador, northern Western Sahara, 0-1600 m elevation; High Atlas Mts of central Morocco and into northwestern Algeria. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Algeria, Morocco, Western Sahara


In the Bufo viridis group (= Bufotes) according to the original publication. See Salvador, 1996, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 109, for account. See comment under Bufotes viridis. Stöck, Moritz, Hickerson, Frynta, Dujsebayeva, Eremchenko, Macey, Papenfuss, and Wake, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 663–689, suggested on the basis of molecular data that this species is relatively more closely related more closely to Bufo bufo than to any member of the Bufo viridis group, although that study was not designed to place "Bufo" brongersmai precisely. El-Oualidi and Jaziri, 2001, Bull. Inst. Scient., Rabat, 23: 1–8, discussed the distinctiveness of "Bufo" brongersmai and Bufotes viridis (all as Bufo). Géniez, Mateo, Geniez, and Pether, 2004, Amph. Rept. W. Sahara: 34, provided an account (as Bufo brongersmai) for Western Sahara. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Bufo brongersmai) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 611. Delfino, Doglio, Roček, Seglie, and Kabiri, 2009, Zool. Stud., Taipei, 48: 108–119, reported on osteological peculiarities. Doglio, Seglie, and Kabiri, 2008, in Corti (ed.), Herpetol. Sardiniae: 226–230, reported on skeletochronology. Doglio, Seglie, Slimani, El Mouden, Kabiri, and Delfino, 2008, in Corti (ed.), Herpetol. Sardiniae: 183–188, reported on morphology, distribution, and life history. Placed in the non-taxon "Bufo" in version 5.6 of this catalogue because it clearly is not a member of Bufotes, as noted by Dubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 1–52. Subsequently, Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Bogaerts, Garcia-Porta, Escoriza, Arribas, El Mouden, and Carranza, 2013, Zootaxa, 3661: 39, placed it in its own monotypic genus. See comments on ecology and distribution in Marocco (as Bufo brongersmai) by Guillon, Le Liard, and Slimani, 2004, Bull. Soc. Herpetol. France, 2004: 37–48. See detailed account by Escoriza and Ben Hassine, 2019, Amph. N. Afr.: 141–150. Reques, Pleguezuelos, Busack, and de Pous, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 23–50, discussed the range and conservation status in Morocco. Mateo, Géniez, and Pether, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 51–83, provided a range map, comments on the range and population status in Algeria. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 56–57, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 82, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. Mabrouki, Taybi, Skalli, and Sánchez-Vialas, 2019, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 33: 19–32, commented on and mapped the species in eastern Morocco. Fattah, Atif, and El Alami, 2022, Arxius Misc. Zool., 20: 33–39, provided a record from Azilal (1364 m elevation) and 15 km SW of Azilial, Morocco, and provided a map of the species' distribution in Western Sahara, Morocco, and Algeria. 

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