Blaira ornata (Günther, 1876)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Blaira > Species: Blaira ornata

Ansonia ornata Günther, 1876 "1875", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1875: 568. Syntypes: BMNH according to Inger, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 27. BMNH 1947.2.20-66 (formerly 1874.4.29.945) designated lectotype by Biju, Van Bocxlaer, Giri, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Res. Notes, 2 (241): 3. Type locality: "Brumagherries [Brahmagiri Hills]", Coorg, Mysore, India. Potential secondary homonym of Bufo ornatus Spix, 1824.

Bufo pulcher Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 288. Replacement name for Ansonia ornata Günther, 1876.

Ghatophryne ornataBiju, Van Bocxlaer, Giri, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Res. Notes, 2 (241): 2.

Blaira ornata — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 162.

English Names

Malabar Torrent Toad (Daniel, 1963, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 60: 431; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 35).

Ornate Stream Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 39; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 63; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 2). 

Black Torrent Toad (Reddy, Gururaja, Ravichandran, and Krishnamurthy, 2002, Hamadryad, 26: 358-359).


Coorg and Neria region of Dakshina Kannada District, Karnataka, extending south into northern Kerala in the southern Western Ghats, southwestern India.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: India

Endemic: India


See brief account by Daniel, 1963, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 60: 431. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 8, noted that the species has not been collected since 1874. Reddy, Gururaja, Ravichandran, and Krishnamurthy, 2002, Hamadryad, 26: 358–359, commented on the known range. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 41, and Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 14–16, provided brief accounts. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 158. Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 37, provided a very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 32–33, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, summarized larval description literature (as Ansonia ornata). 

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