Blaira ornata (Günther, 1876)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Blaira > Species: Blaira ornata

Ansonia ornata Günther, 1876 "1875", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1875: 568. Syntypes: BMNH according to Inger, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 27. BM 1947.2.20-66 (formerly designated lectotype by Biju, Van Bocxlaer, Giri, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Res. Notes, 2 (241): 3. Type locality: "Brumagherries [Brahmagiri Hills]", Coorg, Mysore, India. Potential secondary homonym of Bufo ornatus Spix, 1824.

Bufo pulcher Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 288. Replacement name for Ansonia ornata Günther, 1876.

Ghatophryne ornataBiju, Van Bocxlaer, Giri, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Res. Notes, 2 (241): 2.

Blaira ornata — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 162.

English Names

Malabar Torrent Toad (Daniel, 1963, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 60: 431; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 35).

Ornate Stream Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 39; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 63).

Black Torrent Toad (Reddy, Gururaja, Ravichandran, and Krishnamurthy, 2002, Hamadryad, 26: 358-359).


Coorg and Neria region of Dakshina Kannada District, Karnataka, extending south into northern Kerala in the southern Western Ghats, southwestern India.


See brief account by Daniel, 1963, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 60: 431. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 8, noted that the species has not been collected since 1874. Reddy, Gururaja, Ravichandran, and Krishnamurthy, 2002, Hamadryad, 26: 358–359, commented on the known range. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 41, and Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 14–16, provided brief accounts. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 158. Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 37, provided a very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 32–33, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, summarized larval description literature (as Ansonia ornata). 

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