Blaira rubigina (Pillai and Pattabiraman, 1981)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Blaira > Species: Blaira rubigina

Ansonia rubigina Pillai and Pattabiraman, 1981, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Ser. B, 90: 203. Holotype: ZSI-SRS, no number given, by original designation. Given as ZSI-SRS VA/775 by Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 103. Type locality: "Kummattan Thodu, a tributary of River Kunthi, Silent Valley, S. India, Altitude 1005 metres", Kerala, India.

Ansonia rubrigina — Inger, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 27. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Ghatophryne rubiginaBiju, Van Bocxlaer, Giri, Loader, and Bossuyt, 2009, BMC Res. Notes, 2 (241): 2.

Blaira rubigina — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 162.

English Names

Kerala Stream Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 39).

Red Stream Toad (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 63; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 3; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 2). 

Silent Valley Torrent Toad (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 17).


Silent Valley and Wynaad areas of Kerala in the southern Western Ghats, southwestern India, 1000–1200 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: India

Endemic: India


See brief accounts by Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 41–42, and Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 17. Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 103, discussed briefly the types. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 159. Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 38, provided a very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 34–35, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted that no larval description had ever been published (as Ansonia rubigina).  

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