Bufotes turanensis (Hemmer, Schmidtler, and Böhme, 1978)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Bufotes > Species: Bufotes turanensis

Bufo viridis turanensis Hemmer, Schmidtler, and Böhme, 1978, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 34: 378. Holotype: MTD 11195, by original designation. Type locality: "Duschanbe (Stadtrand)", about 38° 38′ N, 68° 51′ E, Tadzhikistan.

Bufo shaartusiensis Pisanets, Mezhzherin, and Shcherbak, 1996, Dopov. Nat. Akad. Nauk Ukr., 6: 147-151. Holotype: ZIK AN 4 by original designation and Pisanets, 2001, Cat. Types Specimens Ukran. Acad. Sci., 1: 92. Type locality: Beshkentskye Peski [Beshkent sands], Shaartuz region, environs of Shaartuz city [about 37° 15′ N, 68° 07′ E], southwestern Tajikistan. Distinctiveness from Bufo viridis turanensis doubted by Stöck, Günther, and Böhme, 2001, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 51: 302. Synonymy by Dufresnes, Mazepa, Jablonski, Oliveira, Wenseleers, Shabanov, Auer, Ernst, Koch, Ramírez-Chaves, Mulder, Simonovo, Tiutenko, Kryvokhyzhar, Wennekes, Zinenko, Korshunov, Al-Johany, Peregontsev, Masroor, Betto-Colliard, Denoël, Borkin, Skorinov, Pasynkova, Mazanaeva, Rosanov, Dubey, and Litvinchuk, 2019, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 141: 20. 

Bufo viridis shaartusiensis — Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 174.

Bufo turanensisStöck, Moritz, Hickerson, Frynta, Dujsebayeva, Eremchenko, Macey, Papenfuss, and Wake, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 667. Based on samples of Bufotes perrini. 

Pseudepidalea turanensisFrost, 2007, Amph. Spec. World, vers. 5.0, by implication of the results of Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, and Green, 2008, Cladistics, 24: 365, and Stöck, Moritz, Hickerson, Frynta, Dujsebayeva, Eremchenko, Macey, Papenfuss, and Wake, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 663–689. Based on samples of Bufotes perrini. 

Bufo (Pseudepidalea) viridis turanensisRastegar-Pouyani, Kami, Rajabzadeh, and Shafiei, 2008, Iranian J. Anim. Biosyst., 4: 44. Based on samples of Bufotes perrini. 

Bufo (Bufotes) turanensisDubois and Bour, 2010, Zootaxa, 2447: 25. See comment under Bufotes record. Based on samples of Bufotes perrini. 

Bufotes turanensisFrost, 2013, Amph. Spec. World, Vers. 5.6. Required change because of non-monophyly of Bufo

Bufo shaartusiensis — Betto-Colliard, Sermier, Litvinchuk, Perrin, and Stöck, 2015, Heredity, 114: 301. 

English Names

Turan Toad (Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 266). 

Distribution

Endemic to the Amu-Darya River basin, from western Tajikistan, to the former Aral Sea, encompassing western Uzbekistan and eastern Turkmenistan; presence in northern Afghanistan unconfirmed but possible.

Comment

A diploid species according to Betto-Colliard, Sermier, Litvinchuk, Perrin, and Stöck, 2015, Heredity, 114: 301 (as Bufotes shaartusiensis). See discussion and map by Ficetola and Stöck, 2016, J. Biogeograph., 43: 703–715 (as Bufotes shaartusiensis). Dufresnes, Mazepa, Jablonski, Oliveira, Wenseleers, Shabanov, Auer, Ernst, Koch, Ramírez-Chaves, Mulder, Simonovo, Tiutenko, Kryvokhyzhar, Wennekes, Zinenko, Korshunov, Al-Johany, Peregontsev, Masroor, Betto-Colliard, Denoël, Borkin, Skorinov, Pasynkova, Mazanaeva, Rosanov, Dubey, and Litvinchuk, 2019, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 141: 1–25, summarized the phylogenetics and biogeography of this diploid species, as well as noting that the species no longer appears to be at the type locality, where only Bufotes pewzowi is now found; possibly due to range shifts since 1978. Litvinchuk, Mazepa, Pasynkova, Saidov, Satorov, Chikin, Shabanov, Crottini, Borkin, Rosanov, and Stöck, 2011, J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 49: 233–239, for discussion of range (as Bufotes shaartusiensis). 

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