Bufotes zugmayeri (Eiselt and Schmidtler, 1973)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Bufotes > Species: Bufotes zugmayeri

English Names

Baloch Green Toad (Khan, 2002, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 37: 159).


Known only from the vicinity of the type locality (Pishin, Baluchistan, Pakistan) (see comment); likely extending into southeastern Afghanistan.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Pakistan

Likely/Controversially Present: Afghanistan

Endemic: Pakistan


Stöck, Moritz, Hickerson, Frynta, Dujsebayeva, Eremchenko, Macey, Papenfuss, and Wake, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 663–689, reported a closely related, but unnamed species, from Bolshoi Balkhan, Turkmenistan. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 24–25, and Khan, 2006, Amph. Rept. Pakistan: 52, provided a brief accounts (as Bufo viridis zugmayeri). Likely a triploid species according to Betto-Colliard, Sermier, Litvinchuk, Perrin, and Stöck, 2015, Heredity, 114: 301. See localities in Afghanistan by Wagner, Bauer, Leviton, Wilms, and Böhme, 2016, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 63: 464. Dufresnes, Mazepa, Jablonski, Oliveira, Wenseleers, Shabanov, Auer, Ernst, Koch, Ramírez-Chaves, Mulder, Simonovo, Tiutenko, Kryvokhyzhar, Wennekes, Zinenko, Korshunov, Al-Johany, Peregontsev, Masroor, Betto-Colliard, Denoël, Borkin, Skorinov, Pasynkova, Mazanaeva, Rosanov, Dubey, and Litvinchuk, 2019, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 141: 1–25, summarized the biogeography and evolutionary history of this triploid species. Rais, Ahmed, Sajjad, Akram, Saeed, Hamid, and Abid, 2021, ZooKeys, 1062: 157–175, included this species in an identification key to the amphibian species of Pakistan as well as providing a photograph.  

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