Ingerophrynus celebensis (Günther, 1859)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Ingerophrynus > Species: Ingerophrynus celebensis

Bufo celebensis Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 60. Syntypes: BMNH, by original designation; BMNH 1947.2.10.71–72 (formerly 1848.8.19.23 and 1944.2.2293b), by museum reocrds. Type localities: "Celebes" (= Sulawesi, Indonesia) and "India" (apparently in error).

Chilophryne celebensisCope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 358.

Bufo celebensisSteindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 44.

Leptophryne leiogaster Steindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 44. Nomen nudum proposed as a junior synonym of Bufo celebensis and attributed to Fitzinger.

Ingerophrynus celebensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 365.

English Names

Celebes Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).


Sulawesi I., Indonesia, 326 to 1083 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Indonesia

Endemic: Indonesia


Evans, Melnick, Cannatella, Supriatna, Andayani, and Setiadi, 2003, Evolution, 57: 1436-1443, reported on mtDNA phylogeography. Karin, Krone, Frederick, Hamidy, Laksono, Amini, Arida, Arifin, Bach, Bos, Jennings, Riyanto, Scarpetta, Stubbs, and McGuire, 2023, PeerJ, 11(e15766): 1–19, reported on elevational range in northern Sulawesi.

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