Melanophryniscus fulvoguttatus (Mertens, 1937)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Melanophryniscus > Species: Melanophryniscus fulvoguttatus

Dendrophryniscus stelzneri fulvoguttatus Mertens, 1937, Senckenb. Biol., 19: 176. Holotype: SMF 22318, according to Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 43. Type locality: "Villarica, Paraguay".

Melanophryniscus stelzneri fulvoguttatusGallardo, 1961, Neotropica, 7: 71-72.

Melanophryniscus fulvoguttatusCruz and Caramaschi, 2003, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 500: 1.

English Names

None noted.


Inland from near Maracaju, Jardim, and Bela Vista in Mato Grosso do Sul (Brazil), eastern Paraguay, and south into the Province of Formosa in Argentina; possibly into Bolivia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay


See account by Cruz and Caramaschi, 2003, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 500: 5-9, who considered it a species distinct from Melanophryniscus stelzneri and in the Melanophryniscus stelzneri group. Baldo and Arzamendia, 1998, Cuad. Herpetol., 12: 5, reported the taxon in Formosa Province, Argentina. Prigioni and Langone, 1998, Cuad. Herpetol., 12: 52, reported the species in Mato Grosso, Brazil. De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 58, and Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 69, consider this species (as Melanophryniscus stelzneri) possibly to occur in Bolivia. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 20, briefly discussed the range in Paraguay. Céspedez and Motte, 2007, FACENA, 23: 31-42, mapped the distribution in Paraguay. Bonzi, Airaldi-Wood, and Motte, 2012, Cuad. Herpetol., 26: 105–106, provided a record for the department of Itapúa, Paraguay, and mapped the species in that country. Weiler, Núñez, Airaldi, Lavilla, Peris, and Baldo, 2013, Anf. Paraguay: 34, provided a brief account, image, and dot map for Paraguay. Zank, Becker, Abadie, Baldo, and Maneyro, 2014, PLoS One, E 9(4: e94625): 1–11, provided modeled distribution maps for the species under climate change.  

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